Vibration Analysis and Reduction of Cable-Driven Parallel Robots

Abstract : This thesis aims at improving the static positioning and trajectory tracking accuracy of Cable- Driven Parallel Robots (CDPRs) while considering their overall elasticity. Accordingly, two complementary control strategies that are valid for any CDPR configuration are proposed.First, a robustness analysis is performed to lead to a robust model-based control of CDPRs. As a result, an appropriate CDPR model is defined as a function of the targeted application and the main sources of CDPR moving-platforms pose errors are identified.A first control method is determined based on the results of the robustness analysis. This first method lies in the coupling of a model-based feed-forward control scheme for CDPR with a PID feedback controller.Here, an elasto-dynamic model of the CDPR is expressed to compensate the oscillatory motions of its moving-platform due to cable elongations and its dynamic behavior.The second control method uses input-shaping filters into the proposed model-based feed-forward control in order to cancel the oscillatory motions the movingplatform. Thus, the input signal is modified for the CDPR to self-cancel residual vibrations.Experimental validations are performed while using suspended and non-redundant CDPR prototype. The proposed feed-forward model-based control schemes are implemented, and their effectiveness is discussed.Results show the relevance of the proposed control strategies in terms of trajectory tracking accuracy improvement and vibration reduction.
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Sana Baklouti. Vibration Analysis and Reduction of Cable-Driven Parallel Robots. Mechanical engineering [physics.class-ph]. INSA de Rennes, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018ISAR0034⟩. ⟨tel-02163227⟩

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