Formation et transformations d'une élite coloniale : Puebla (1560-1639)

Abstract : The goal of this contribution is to study the construction and the evolution of the elite through the structure of the "cabildo" of Puebla de Los Angeles in New Spain. This city was founded by spaniars settlers in 1531. The elite that was stablished during the very first years is essentially composed by spaniards conquerors. The office of "regidor" is then a royal grace received as a reward for their participation in the conquest war. Very close relationships are established between the different regidores who, quickly, form the same family clan dominated by the Díaz de Vargas and the Villanueva. But as of 1591 and the establishment of the venality process of the offices, the cards are redistributed. New members from other social and economic groups enter the cabildo: the obrajeros and the mercaderes. There follows tensions between the different groups and a recomposition of this elite no longer following military bases but economic, recomposition driven by different family strategies. The composition of this new elite, dominated by the mercaderes, did not lead to the disappearance of the old one. On the contrary, it is necessary for the new power class to acquire the lacking social status. Thus this new group has all the components of the new economic and social elite of the city of Puebla: conquistadores, obrajeros and mercaderes
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Émilie Senmartin. Formation et transformations d'une élite coloniale : Puebla (1560-1639). Histoire. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU20060⟩. ⟨tel-02162395⟩

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