Caractérisation mécanique des phénomènes dépendants du temps par nanoindentation instrumentée en température

Abstract : This manuscript presents a study on the mechanical properties’ characterization of time dependent phenomena using instrumented nanoindentation at different temperatures.This research subject treats the development of methods dealing with the adaptation of classical indentation methodologies to high temperature characterizations. Bringing a better understanding of time and temperature dependent phenomena at a local scale is the first aim of the methods developed. The second objective is to compare materials behaviors measured at micro and macro-scale.The proposed methods are based on indentation relaxation tests. Their development and applications to polymers and metals characterization are studied analytically and experimentally. The analytical study shows that the indentation relaxation test is equivalent to the uniaxial one. This study also highlights the great influence of loading kinetics on the measured relaxation behavior.The proposed experimental study in temperature permits the extraction of the strain rate sensitivity and the activation energy of the viscous phenomena. However, thermal drift limits the characterization duration – i.e. the maximum experimental time remains limited to a couple of minutes. Another experimental study configuration, at room temperature, opens the way to longer test durations. It is based on the equivalence of contact area and stiffness for a homogeneous material. With this configuration, we successfully hold the contact area constant for 10 hours without any evidences of drift.Eventually, the high temperature nanoindentation application to in situ microstructural changes characterization of an aluminum alloy is studied. Measurements and limitations are carefully discussed for a better understanding of the studied phenomenon. The results show that the recrystallization kinetics can be successfully described with reduced test duration and samples’ set.
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Paul Baral. Caractérisation mécanique des phénomènes dépendants du temps par nanoindentation instrumentée en température. Autre. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSEC038⟩. ⟨tel-02162071⟩

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