Sedimentary and structural characteristics of the Triassic Nanpanjiang Basin (Southwest China). New insights on the regional tectonic evolution

Abstract : Ranks as the largest sedimentary basin in the South China during the Triassic, The Nanpanjiang basin attracts a large attention of the geology community for a long time. After many years study, there still exist several debates on i) the provenance of the sedimentary detritus, ii) the time of the change of the tectonic regime from extension to compression, iii) the type of the basin and its geodynamic background. In this thesis, a multidisciplinary study including analysis of sedimentary facies, paleo-current, frame work detritus mode, heavy mineral combinations and their geochemistry feature, rock magnetism and Zircon-baddeleyite isotopic dating on diabase was conducted to rebuild the evolution of the basin.The results show a three-stage evolution, i) during the Late Permian to the Early Triassic, the 269Ma diabase intruding into the basin announces the opening of the basin, the sedimentary environment became deeper. ii) During the late stage of the Early Triassic (~245 Ma) to the Middle Triassic, owing to the influences of the Xuefengshan orogen and the Indochina orogen which are located to the east and south of the basin, the basin evolved into a foreland basin. The diabase ceased emplacement in this period. The detritus and paleo-current analysis indicate that during this stage, the provenances of the East part and the South part of the basin were Xuefengshan Orogen and Indochina Orogen respectively. iii) During the Late Tirassic, the depth of the sedimentary environment decrease drasticly, indicating that the basin began to shrink owing to the compression of the Xuefengshan Orogen and the Indochina Orogen.
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Wenjing Xia. Sedimentary and structural characteristics of the Triassic Nanpanjiang Basin (Southwest China). New insights on the regional tectonic evolution. Earth Sciences. Université d'Orléans; University of Chinese academy of sciences, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018ORLE2040⟩. ⟨tel-02160891⟩

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