D. Alfè, M. J. Gillan, and G. D. Price, Temperature and composition of the Earth's core, Contemp. Phys, vol.48, issue.2, pp.63-80, 2007.

D. Alfè, G. Vocadlo, M. Price, and . Gillan, Melting curve of materials : theory versus experiments, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, vol.16, pp.973-982, 2004.

C. J. Allègre, J. Poirier, E. Humler, and A. W. Hofmann, The Chemical Composition of the Interior Shells of the Earth, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.134, pp.515-526, 1995.

O. L. Anderson, Theory of the Earth, 1989.

W. William, T. Anderson, and . Ahrens, An equation of state for liquid iron and implications for the Earth's core, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.99, issue.B3, pp.4273-4284, 1994.

D. Andrault, J. Monteux, M. Le, and H. Samuel, The deep Earth may not be cooling down, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.443, pp.195-203, 2016.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.03.020

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01348679

D. Antonangeli, J. Siebert, J. Badro, L. Daniel, G. Farber et al., Composition of the Earth's inner core from high-pressure sound velocity measurements in Fe -Ni -Si alloys, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.295, issue.1-2, pp.292-296, 2010.

S. Anzellini, M. Dewaele, P. Mezouar, G. Loubeyre, and . Morard, Melting of iron at Earth's inner core boundary based on fast X-ray diffraction, Science, vol.340, issue.6131, pp.464-470, 2013.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1233514

S. Anzellini, Phase diagram of iron under wxtreme conditions measured with time-resolved methods, 2014.

G. Aquilanti, A. Trapananti, A. Karandikar, I. Kantor, C. Marini et al., Melting of iron determined by x-ray absorption spectroscopy to 100 gpa, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.112, issue.39, pp.12042-12045, 2015.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.1502363112

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01572756

M. Matthew, A. Armentrout, and . Kavner, A new high pressure and temperature equation of state of fcc cobalt, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.118, issue.19, 2015.

N. W. Ashcroft and J. Lekner, Structure and Resistivity of Liquid Metals. Physical Review, vol.145, p.83, 1966.

J. Badro, A. S. Cote, and J. P. Brodholt, A seismologically consistent compositional model of Earth's core, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.111, issue.21, pp.7542-7545, 2014.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.1316708111

URL : http://europepmc.org/articles/pmc4040578?pdf=render

. A-b-belonoshko, . Davis, . Rosengren, . Ahuja, S. Johansson et al., Xenon melting : Density functional theory versus diamond anvil cell experiments, Physical Review B, vol.74, p.54114, 2006.

L. Benedetti and P. Loubeyre, Temperature gradients, wavelength-dependent emissivity, and accuracy of high and very-high temperatures measured in the laser-heated diamond cell, vol.24, pp.423-445, 2004.

R. Benfield, D. Filipponi, R. Bowron, S. Newport, and . Gurman, X-ray absorption study of gold coordination compounds: EXAFS refinements and double-electron excitation background, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, vol.6, p.8429, 1994.

J. D. Bernal, The structure of liquids, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, vol.280, p.299, 1964.

C. Bhattacharya, M. Srivastava, and S. Menon, Melting curves of FCC-metals by cell-theory. Physica B: Physics of Condensed Matter, vol.406, pp.4035-4040, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.physb.2011.07.031

F. Birch, Elasticity and constitution of the Earth's interior, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.57, issue.2, pp.227-286, 1952.

S. Boccato, A. Sanson, I. Kantor, O. Mathon, V. Dyadkin et al., Thermal and magnetic anomalies of ? -iron : an exploration by extended x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy and synchrotron x-ray diffraction, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, vol.28, p.355401, 2016.

S. Boccato, R. Torchio, I. Kantor, G. Morard, S. Anzellini et al., Tetsuo Irifune, and Sakura Pascarelli. The Melting Curve of Nickel Up to 100 GPa Explored by XAS, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.122, pp.1-10, 2017.

R. Boehler, H. Musshoff, R. Ditz, G. Aquilanti, . Trapananti et al., A Trapananti, and I I Laser-heating System. Portable laser-heating stand for synchrotron applications, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.80, p.45103, 2009.

R. Boehler, D. Santamaría-pérez, D. Errandonea, and M. Mezouar, Melting , density , and anisotropy of iron at core conditions : new X-ray measurements to 150 GPa, Journal of physics: Conference Series, vol.121, 2008.
DOI : 10.1088/1742-6596/121/2/022018

URL : http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/121/2/022018/pdf

R. Boehler, Temperatures in the Earth's core from melting-point measurements of iron at high static pressures, Nature, vol.363, issue.6429, pp.534-536, 1993.

R. Boehler and K. De-hantsetters, New anvil designs in diamondcells, High Pressure Research, vol.24, issue.3, pp.391-396, 2004.
DOI : 10.1080/08957950412331323924

M. Brehm and B. Kirchner, Travis -a free analyzer and visualizer for monte carlo and molecular dynamics trajectories, Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, vol.51, issue.8, pp.2007-2023, 2011.
DOI : 10.1186/1758-2946-4-s1-f1

URL : https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-2946-4-s1-f1

R. Brett, The Current Status of Speculations on the Composition of the Core of the Earth, vol.14, 1976.

M. Brown, G. Rober, and . Mcqueen, Gruneisen Parameter, and Elasticity for Shocked Iron Between 77 GPa and 400 GPa, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.91, issue.B7, pp.7485-7494, 1986.
DOI : 10.1029/jb091ib07p07485

A. Bruce and . Buffett, Earth's Core and the Geodynamo, Science, vol.288, 2000.

G. Bunker, Introduction to XAFS. A Practical Guide to X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy, 2010.
DOI : 10.1017/cbo9780511809194

Q. Cao, P. Wang, D. Huang, J. Yang, M. Wan et al., Properties of Liquid Nickel along Melting Lines under High Pressure, Chinese Physics Letters, vol.32, issue.8, p.86201, 2015.
DOI : 10.1088/0256-307x/32/8/086201

J. Chen, T. Yu, S. Huang, J. Girard, and X. Liu, Compressibility of liquid FeS measured using X-ray radiograph imaging, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol.228, pp.294-299, 2014.

P. Angelo, A. D. Nola, A. Filipponi, N. V. Pavel, and D. Roccatano, An extended x-ray absorption fine structure study of aqueous solutions by employing molecular dynamics simulations, The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol.100, issue.2, p.985, 1994.

A. Dewaele and P. Loubeyre, Pressurizing conditions in heliumpressure-transmitting medium, High Pressure Research, vol.27, issue.4, pp.419-429, 2007.
DOI : 10.1080/08957950701659627

A. Dewaele, P. Loubeyre, and M. Mezouar, Equations of state of six metals above 94 GPa, vol.094112, pp.1-8, 2004.

A. Dewaele, M. Mezouar, N. Guignot, and P. Loubeyre, Melting of lead under high pressure studied using second-scale time-resolved x-ray diffraction, Physical Review B -Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol.76, issue.14, pp.1-5, 2007.
DOI : 10.1103/physrevb.76.144106

A. Dewaele, M. Mezouar, N. Guignot, and P. Loubeyre, High melting points of tantalum in a laser-heated diamond anvil cell, Physical Review Letters, vol.104, issue.25, pp.29-31, 2010.

A. Dewaele and C. Sanloup, L'intérieur de la Terre et des planètes, 2005.

A. Dewaele, M. Torrent, P. Loubeyre, and M. Mezouar, Physical Review B -Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol.78, issue.10, pp.1-13, 2008.

A. D. Cicco, F. Iesari, S. De-panfilis, M. Celino, S. Giusepponi et al., Local fivefold symmetry in liquid and undercooled ni probed by x-ray absorption spectroscopy and computer simulations, Phys. Rev. B, vol.89, p.60102, 2014.
DOI : 10.1103/physrevb.89.060102

A. Di and C. , Phase Transitions in Confined Gallium Droplets. Physical review letters, vol.81, pp.2942-2945, 1998.

A. Di-cicco and A. Trapananti, Study of local icosahedral ordering in liquid and undercooled liquid copper, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.353, pp.3671-3678, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00200722

A. Di-cicco, A. Trapananti, E. Principi, S. De-panfilis, and A. Filipponi, Polymorphism and metastable phenomena in liquid tin under pressure, Applied Physics Letters, vol.89, pp.1-3, 2006.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00125235

. V-dose and . Drube, Empty electronic states in solid and liquid nickel, Solid State Communications, vol.57, issue.4, pp.273-275, 1986.

D. Dunstan, Theory of the gasket in diamond anvil high-pressure cells, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.60, issue.12, pp.3789-3795, 1989.

A. M. Dziewonski and D. L. Anderson, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol.25, p.297, 1981.

A. Easylab, , 2017.

T. Egami, Icosahedral order in liquids, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.353, pp.3666-3670, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2007.05.148

D. Errandonea, High-pressure melting curves of the transition metals Cu, Ni, Pd, and Pt, Physical Review B -Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol.87, issue.5, pp.1-5, 2013.

D. Errandonea, B. Schwager, R. Ditz, and C. Gessmann, Reinhard Boehler, and Marvin Ross. Systematics of transition-metal melting, Physical Review B, vol.63, issue.13, p.132104, 2001.

A. Filipponi, P. Borowski, . W-loeffen, . De-panfilis, F. Di-cicco et al., Single-energy x-ray absorption detection : a combined electronic and structural local probe for phase transitions in condensed matter, Journal of physics. Condensed matter, vol.10, pp.235-253, 1998.
DOI : 10.1088/0953-8984/10/1/026

A. Filipponi and A. D. Cicco, Short-range order in crystalline, amorphous, liquid, and supercooled germanium probed by x-ray-absorption spectroscopy, Physical Review B, vol.51, issue.18, pp.12322-12336, 1995.
DOI : 10.1103/physrevb.51.12322

A. Filipponi and A. D. Cicco, Short-range order in crystalline, amorphous, liquid, and supercooled germanium probed by x-ray-absorption spectroscopy, Physical Review B, vol.51, issue.18, pp.12322-12336, 1995.
DOI : 10.1103/physrevb.51.12322

A. Filipponi, EXAFS for liquids, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, vol.13, issue.7, p.23, 2001.
DOI : 10.1088/0953-8984/13/7/201

A. Filipponi, A. D. Cicco, A. Trapananti, E. Principi, M. Minicucci et al., , 2009.

A. Filipponi, A. D. Cicco, and S. Panfilis, Structure of Undercooled Liquid Pd Probed by X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy, Physical Review Letters, vol.83, issue.3, pp.560-563, 1999.
DOI : 10.1103/physrevlett.83.560

J. L. Finney, Random packings and the structure of simple liquids: I . The geometry of random close packing, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, vol.319, pp.479-493, 1970.

R. A. Fischer, Deep Earth: Physics and Chemistry of the Lower Mantle and Core, chapter Melting of Fe Alloys and the Thermal Structure of the Core, pp.3-12, 2016.

D. Fisica, U. Aquila, and L. Aquila, Double-electron excitation effects above inner shell X-ray absorption edges Filipponi, Physica B, vol.209, pp.29-32, 1995.

R. A. Forman, G. J. Piermarini, J. D. Barnett, and S. Block, Pressure Measurement Made by the Utilization of Ruby Sharp-Line Luminescence, Science, vol.176, p.284, 1972.

P. Fornasini, Synchrotron Radiation: Fundamentals, Methodologies and Applications, chapter Introduction to X-ray absorption spectroscopy, pp.129-170, 2003.

P. Fornasini, Introduction to X-ray absorption spectroscopy, XI School on Synchrotron Radiation, pp.1-32, 2011.

F. C. Frank, A discussion on theory of liquids -supercooling of liquids, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, vol.215, pp.43-46, 1120.

Z. M. Geballe and R. Jeanloz, Origin of temperature plateaus in laser-heated diamond anvil cell experiments, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.111, issue.12, 2012.

R. Giampaoli, Temperature measurements at megabar pressures: direct comparison between reflective and refractive optics for the laser heated diamond anvil cell, 2017.

R. Giampaoli,

K. Gilmore, J. Vinson, E. Shirley, D. Prendergast, C. Pemmaraju et al., Efficient implementation of core-excitation Bethe -Salpeter equation calculations, Computer Physics Communications, vol.197, pp.109-117, 2015.
DOI : 10.1016/j.cpc.2015.08.014

URL : https://manuscript.elsevier.com/S0010465515003008/pdf/S0010465515003008.pdf

F. Alexander, J. M. Goncharov, J. Zaug, A. F. Gregoryanz, J. M. Goncharov et al., Optical calibration of pressure sensors for high pressures and temperatures Optical calibration of pressure sensors for high pressures and temperatures, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.97, p.94917, 2005.

E. Gregoryanz, O. Degtyareva, M. Somayazulu, J. Russell, H. Hemley et al., Melting of Dense Sodium, vol.185502, pp.1-4, 2005.
DOI : 10.1103/physrevlett.94.185502

H. Hermann, A. Elsner, and D. Stoyan, Behavior of icosahedral clusters in computer simulated hard sphere systems, Journal of NonCrystalline Solids, vol.353, pp.3693-3697, 2007.

K. Hirose, S. Labrosse, and J. Hernlund, Composition and State of the Core, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol.41, issue.1, pp.657-691, 2013.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev-earth-050212-124007

T. Iida and R. I. Guthrie, Fundamentals, volume 1 of The Thermophysical Properties of Metallic Liquids, 2015.

T. Irifune, A. Kurio, S. Sakamoto, T. Inoue, and H. Sumiya, Ultrahard polycrystalline diamond from graphite, vol.421, p.600, 2003.
DOI : 10.1038/421599b

N. Ishimatsu, K. Matsumoto, H. Maruyama, N. Kawamura, M. Mizumaki et al., Glitch-free X-ray absorption spectrum under high pressure obtained using nano-polycrystalline diamond anvils, Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, vol.19, issue.5, pp.768-772, 2012.
DOI : 10.1107/s0909049512026088

URL : http://journals.iucr.org/s/issues/2012/05/00/hf5206/hf5206.pdf

N. Jakse and A. Pasturel, Ab initio molecular dynamics simulations of local structure of supercooled Ni, The Journal of chemical physics, vol.120, issue.13, pp.6124-6127, 2004.

N. Jakse and A. Pasturel, Molecular-dynamics study of liquid nickel above and below the melting point, The Journal of chemical physics, vol.123, issue.24, p.244512, 2005.

S. Japel, B. Schwager, R. Boehler, and M. Ross, Melting of copper and nickel at high pressure: The role of d electrons, Physical Review Letters, vol.95, issue.16, pp.1-4, 2005.

R. Jeanloz and S. Morris, Temperature distribution in the crust and mantle, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol.14, pp.377-415, 1986.

R. Jeanloz, M. Frank, and . Richter, Convection , Composition , and the Thermal State of the Lower Mantle, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.84, issue.9, p.5497, 1979.

. Kantor, . Marini, S. Mathon, and . Pascarelli, A laser heating facility for energy-dispersive X-ray absorption spectroscopy, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.89, pp.1-13, 2018.
DOI : 10.1063/1.5010345

URL : http://orbit.dtu.dk/files/144253484/Untitled_3.pdf

I. Kantor, J. Labiche, E. Collet, L. Siron, J. Thevenin et al., A new detector for sub-millisecond EXAFS spectroscopy at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, vol.21, issue.6, pp.1240-1246, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01572944

A. Karandikar and R. Boehler, Flash melting of tantalum in a diamond cell to 85 GPa, Physical Review B, vol.93, issue.054107, pp.1-6, 2016.

A. Kavner and . Wendy-r-panero, Temperature gradients and evaluation of thermoelastic properties in the synchrotron-based laser-heated diamond cell, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, pp.527-539, 2004.

F. S-n-khanna and . Cyrot-lackmann, Density of electronic states in liquid Ni, Philosophical Magazine B, vol.38, issue.2, pp.197-203, 1978.

. S-n-khanna, M. Cyrot-lackmann, and . Desjonquères, Density of electronic states in amorphous and liquid cobalt, Journal of Physics F: Metal Physics, vol.9, issue.1, p.79, 1979.

S. Klotz, J. Chervin, P. Munsch, and G. Marchand, Hydrostatic limits of 11 pressure, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol.42, p.75413, 2009.
DOI : 10.1088/0022-3727/42/7/075413

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00370342

L. Ko?i, D. Bringa, . Ivanov, J. Hawreliak, . Mcnaney et al., Simulation of shockinduced melting of Ni using molecular dynamics coupled to a two-temperature model, Physical Review B -Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol.74, issue.1, pp.2-5, 2006.

T. Komabayashi and Y. Fei, Internally consistent thermodynamic database for iron to the Earth's core conditions, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.115, issue.3, pp.1-12, 2010.
DOI : 10.1029/2009jb006442

URL : https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1029/2009JB006442

Y. Kuwayama, K. Hirose, N. Sata, and Y. Ohishi, Phase relations of iron and iron-nickel alloys up to 300 GPa: Implications for composition and structure of the Earth's inner core, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.273, issue.3-4, pp.379-385, 2008.

S. Labrosse, Deep Earth: Physics and Chemistry of the Lower Mantle and Core, chapter Thermal State and Evolution of the Earth Core and Deep Mantle, pp.43-54, 2016.

P. Lazor, G. Shen, and S. K. Saxena, Laser-heated diamond anvil cell experiments at high pressure: Melting curve of nickel up to 700 kbar, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, vol.20, issue.2, pp.86-90, 1993.

P. Lazor, Phase Diagrams, Elasticity and Thermodynamics of Ni, Co and Fe under High Pressure, 1994.

B. Lee and G. Lee, A liquid-liquid transition can exist in monatomic transition metals with a positive melting slope, Scientific Reports, issue.6, p.35564, 2016.

G. W. Lee, A. K. Gangopadhyay, K. F. Kelton, R. W. Hyers, T. J. Rathz et al., Difference in icosahedral short-range order in early and late transition metal liquids, Physical Review Letters, vol.93, issue.3, pp.37802-37803, 2004.
DOI : 10.1103/physrevlett.93.037802

R. Letoullec, P. Pinceaux, and . Loubeyre, The membrane diamond anvil cell: A new device for generating continuous pressure and temperature variations, High Pressure Research, vol.1, pp.77-90, 1988.
DOI : 10.1080/08957958808202482

J. Li and C. B. Agee, The effect of pressure, temperature, oxygen fugacity and composition on partitioning of nickel and cobalt between liquid Fe-Ni-S alloy and liquid silicate: Implications for the Earth's core formation, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.65, issue.11, pp.1821-1832, 2001.

L. Liu, Speculations on the composition and origin of the earth, Geochemical Journal, vol.16, pp.287-310, 1982.

Y. Liyuan, Research on First-principles Calculations of the Pressure-induce Structure of Liquid Cobalt at High Temperature, 2011.

T. Oliver, I. G. Lord, D. P. Wood, L. Dobson, W. Vocadlo et al.,

M. J. Mezouar and . Walter, The melting curve of Ni to 1 Mbar, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.408, pp.226-236, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01089876

H. Lueth, Solid Surfaces, Interfaces and Thin Films, 2010.

F. Luo, L. C. Xiang-rong-chen, G. Cai, and J. Fu, Solid-liquid interfacial energy and melting properties of nickel under pressure from molecular dynamics, Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, vol.55, issue.11, pp.5149-5155, 2010.

J. Ma, Y. Dai, J. Zhang, Z. Zhang, J. Wang et al., Ab initio molecular dynamics study of the structure of undercooled Ni melt, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.376, pp.216-220, 2013.

H. K. Mao, Simple molecular systems at very high density, chapter Static compression of simple molecular systems in the megabar range, pp.221-236, 1989.

C. Marini, F. Occelli, O. Mathon, R. Torchio, V. Recoules et al., A microsecond time resolved x-ray absorption near edge structure synchrotron study of phase transitions in Fe undergoing ramp heating at high pressure, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.115, issue.9, pp.1-5, 2014.

J. Mathon and A. Umerski, Physics of low dimentional sysyems, 2001.

S. Mazevet, V. Recoules, J. Bouchet, F. Guyot, M. Harmand et al., Ab initio calculation of x-ray absorption of iron up to 3

. Mbar, Physical Review B -Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol.89, issue.10, pp.1-5, 2014.

W. F. Mcdonough and S. S. Sun, The composition of the Earth, Chemical Geology, vol.120, issue.3-4, pp.223-253, 1995.

R. G. Mcqueen and S. P. Marsh, Shock-Wave Compression of Iron-Nickel Alloys and the Earth's Core, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.71, issue.6, p.1751, 1966.

R. T. Merril and M. W. Mcelhinny, The Earth's Magnetic Field: It's History, Origin and Planetary Perspective, 1983.

M. Mezouar, W. A. Crichton, S. Bauchau, F. Thurel, H. Witsch et al., Development of a new state-of-the-art beamline optimized for monochromatic single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction under extreme conditions at the ESRF, Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, vol.12, issue.5, pp.659-664, 2005.

D. Minakov, Melting curves of metals with excited electrons in the quasiharmonic approximation, vol.224102, pp.1-10, 2015.

G. Morard, D. Andrault, D. Antonangeli, Y. Nakajima, A. L. Auzende et al., Fe-feo and fe-fe3c melting relations at earth's core -mantle boundary conditions: Implications for a volatile-rich or oxygen-rich core, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.473, pp.94-103, 2017.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.05.024

URL : https://research-information.bristol.ac.uk/files/117154220/Morard_et_al_2017_GREEN.pdf

G. Morard, . Siebert, . Andrault, G. Guignot, and . Garbarino, The Earth ' s core composition from high pressure density measurements of liquid iron alloys, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.373, pp.169-178, 2013.

G. Morard,

C. R. Natoli and M. Benfatto, A unifying scheme of interpretation of X-ray absorption spectra based on the multiple scattering theory, Journal de Physique, vol.8, issue.47, pp.11-23, 1986.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/jpa-00225986

K. Nishida, . Ohtani, . Urakawa, T. Suzuki, H. Sakamaki et al., Density measurement of liquid FeS at high pressures using synchrotron X-ray absorption X-ray, American Mineralogist, vol.96, pp.864-868, 2011.
DOI : 10.2138/am.2011.3616

A. Onodera, K. Suito, and Y. Morigami, High-Pressure Synthesis of Diamond from Organic Compounds, Proc. Japan Acad, vol.68, issue.10, pp.167-171, 1992.

P. M. Ossi, Disordered Materials, an introduction, 2006.

S. Pascarelli, O. Mathon, T. Mairs, I. Kantor, G. Agostini et al., The Time-resolved and Extreme-conditions XAS (TEXAS) facility at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility: the energy-dispersive X-ray absorption spectroscopy beamline ID24, Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, vol.23, issue.1, pp.353-368, 2016.

S. Pascarelli, O. Mathon, M. Munõz, T. Mairs, and J. Susini, Energy-dispersive absorption spectroscopy for hard-X-ray micro-XAS applications, Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, vol.13, issue.5, pp.351-358, 2006.
DOI : 10.1107/s0909049506026938

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00242564

W. Pepperhof and M. Acet, Constitution and Magnetism of Iron and its Alloys, 2001.

G. Piermarini, S. Block, and J. Barnett, Hydrostatic limits in liquids and solids to 100 kbar, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.44, issue.12, p.5377, 1973.
DOI : 10.1063/1.1662159

J. Poirier, Light elements in the Earth's outer core : A critical review, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol.85, issue.94, pp.319-337, 1994.

J. Poirier, Introduction to the Physics of the Earth's Interior, 2003.

R. Poloni, . De-panfilis, G. Di-cicco, . Pratesi, . Principi et al., Liquid gallium in confined droplets under high-temperature and highpressure conditions, Physical Review B, vol.71, pp.1-8, 2005.
DOI : 10.1103/physrevb.71.184111

M. Pozzo and D. Alfé, Melting curve of face-centered-cubic nickel from first-principles calculations, Physical Review B, vol.88, p.24111, 2013.
DOI : 10.1103/physrevb.88.024111

E. Principi, . Minicucci, . Di-cicco, . Trapananti, R. De-panfilis et al., Metastable phase diagram of Bi probed by single-energy x-ray absorption detection and angular dispersive x-ray diffraction, Physical Review B, vol.74, issue.064101, pp.1-7, 2006.
DOI : 10.1103/physrevb.74.064101

A. T. Raji, S. Scandolo, M. Härting, and D. T. Britton, Probing the structure of iron at extreme conditions by X-ray absorption near-edge structure calculations, vol.33, pp.119-123, 2013.

A. T. Raji and S. Scandolo, Theoretical x-ray absorption near-edge structure signatures of solid and liquid phases of iron at extreme conditions, vol.34, pp.250-258, 2014.

J. J. Rehr, J. J. Kas, F. D. Vila, M. P. Prange, and K. Jorissen, Phys. Chem, vol.12, p.5503, 2010.

A. Riva, Expanding the accessible p/t domain of the paris-edinburghpress, a versatile tool to study liquid network structures at extreme p/t conditions, 2017.

M. Ross, R. Boehler, and D. Errandonea, Melting of transition metals at high pressure and the influence of liquid frustration : The late metals Cu , Ni , and Fe, Physical Review B, vol.76, pp.1-7, 2007.

M. Ross, D. Errandonea, and R. Boehler, Melting of transition metals at high pressure and the influence of liquid frustration : The early metals Ta and Mo, Physical Review B, vol.76, pp.1-6, 2007.

M. Ross, L. H. Yang, and R. Boehler, Melting of aluminum, molybdenum, and the light actinides, Physical Review B -Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol.70, issue.18, pp.1-8, 2004.
DOI : 10.1103/physrevb.70.184112

C. Sanloup, . Fiquet, G. Gregoryanz, M. Morard, and . Mezouar, Effect of Si on liquid Fe compressibility : Implications for sound velocity in core materials
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01053873

, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.31, issue.L07604, pp.1-4, 2004.

C. Sanloup, P. Guyot, G. Gillet, R. Fiquet, M. Hemley et al., Structural changes in liquid Fe at high pressures and high temperatures from synchrotron X-ray diffraction, Europhys. Lett, vol.52, issue.2, pp.151-157, 2000.
DOI : 10.1209/epl/i2000-00417-3

C. Sanloup, P. Guyot, G. Gillet, M. Fiquet, I. Mezouar et al., Density measurements of liquid Fe-S alloys at high-pressure, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.27, issue.6, pp.811-814, 2000.

C. Sanloup, R. Van-westrenen, . Dasgupta, J. Maynard-casely, and . Perrillat, Compressibility change in iron-rich melt and implications for core formation models, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.306, pp.118-122, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2011.03.039

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00591407

T. Schenk, D. Holland-moritz, V. Simonet, R. Bellissent, and D. M. Herlach, Icosahedral short-range order in deeply undercooled metallic melts, Physical Review Letters, vol.89, issue.7, pp.75507-75508, 2002.
DOI : 10.1103/physrevlett.89.075507

G. Shen, B. Vitali, . Prakapenka, L. Mark, S. Rivers et al., Structure of liquid iron at pressures up to 58 GPa, Physical Review Letters, vol.92, issue.18, pp.185701-185702, 2004.
DOI : 10.1103/physrevlett.92.185701

Y. Shimoyama, H. Terasaki, E. Ohtani, S. Urakawa, Y. Takubo et al., Density of Fe-3.5 wt % C liquid at high pressure and temperature and the effect of carbon on the density of the molten iron, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol.224, pp.77-82, 2013.

L. Eric and . Shirley, Bethe -Salpeter treatment of X-ray absorption including corehole multiplet effects, Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, pp.1187-1190, 2005.

F. Simon and G. Glatzel, Bemerkungen zur Schmelzdruckkurve. Zeitschrift für Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie, vol.178, pp.309-316, 1929.
DOI : 10.1002/zaac.19291780123

R. Sinmyo and K. Hirose, The Soret diffusion in laser-heated diamondanvil cell, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol.180, issue.3-4, pp.172-178, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.pepi.2009.10.011

A. V. Soldatov, X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure as a Source of Structural Information, Journal of Chemistry, vol.49, pp.102-106, 2008.

D. Stevenson, Models of the Earth's Core, Science, vol.214, issue.4521, pp.611-620, 1981.

S. Tateno, K. Hirose, T. Komabayashi, H. Ozawa, and Y. Ohishi, The structure of Fe-Ni alloy in Earth's inner core, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.39, issue.12, pp.2-5, 2012.

S. Tateno, K. Hirose, Y. Ohishi, and Y. Tatsumi, The structure of iron in Earth's inner core, Science, vol.330, pp.359-361, 2010.

S. Tateno, Y. Kuwayama, K. Hirose, and Y. Ohishi, The structure of Fe-Si alloy in Earth's inner core, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.418, pp.11-19, 2015.

H. Terasaki, Y. Nishida, . Shibazaki, . Sakamaki, E. Suzuki et al., Density measurement of Fe3C liquid using X-ray absorption image up to 10 GPa and effect of light elements on compressibility of liquid iron, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.115, issue.B06207, pp.1-7, 2010.

, Deep Earth: Physics and Chemistry of the Lower Mantle and Core, chapter Physical Properties of the Outer Core, pp.129-142, 2016.

R. Torchio, . Boccato, G. Cerantola, . Morard, I. Irifune et al., Probing the local, electronic and magnetic structure of matter under extreme conditions of temperature and pressure, Res, vol.36, issue.3, pp.293-302, 2016.

R. Torchio, Y. O-kvashnin, S. Pascarelli, C. Mathon, . Marini et al., X-Ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism Measurements in Ni up to 200 GPa : Resistant Ferromagnetism, Physical Review Letters, vol.107, pp.1-5, 2011.

R. Torchio, Magnetism structure and chemical order in the 3d metals and their alloys at extreme pressures, 2012.

A. Raffaella-torchio, F. Monza, S. Baudelet, . Pascarelli, E. Olivier-mathon et al., Pressure-induced collapse of ferromagnetism in cobalt up to 120 GPa as seen via x-ray magnetic circular dichroism, Physical Review B -Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol.84, issue.6, pp.5-8, 2011.

R. Torchio, F. Occelli, O. Mathon, A. Sollier, E. Lescoute et al., Probing local and electronic structure in Warm Dense Matter : single pulse synchrotron x-ray absorption spectroscopy on shocked Fe, Scientific Reports, vol.6, p.26402, 2016.
DOI : 10.1038/srep26402

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01339817

A. Trapananti, A. D. Cicco, and M. Minicucci, Structural disorder in liquid and solid CuI at high temperature probed by x-ray absorption spectroscopy, Physical Review B, vol.66, pp.1-11, 2002.
DOI : 10.1103/physrevb.66.014202

T. Tsuchiya, K. Kawai, X. Wang, H. Ichikawa, and H. Dekura, Deep Earth: Physics and Chemistry of the Lower Mantle and Core, chapter Temperature of the Lower Mantle and Core Based on Ab Initio Mineral Physics Data, pp.13-30, 2016.

D. Turnbull and R. E. Cech, Microscopic observation of the solidification of small metal droplets, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.21, issue.8, pp.804-810, 1950.

P. Vinet, J. Ferrante, J. H. Rose, and J. R. Smith, Compressibility of solids, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.92, pp.9319-9325, 1987.
DOI : 10.1029/jb092ib09p09319

J. Vinson, J. Rehr, E. Kas, and . Shirley, Bethe-Salpeter equation calculations of core excitation spectra. 115106, 2011.

J. Michael, K. T. Walter, and . Koga, The effects of chromatic dispersion on temperature measurement in the laser-heated diamond anvil cell, Physics of the Earth adn Planetary Interiors, pp.541-558, 2004.

Y. Waseda, The structure of Non-Crystalline Materials, 1980.

. T-e-westre, . Di-cicco, C. Filipponi, B. R-natoli, E. Hedman et al., GNXAS, a multiple-scattering approach to EXAFS analysis: methodology and applications to iron complexes, J. Am. Chem. Soc, vol.117, p.1566, 1995.

L. E-d-williamson and . Adams, Density distribution in the Earth, J. Washington Acad. Sci, vol.13, pp.413-428, 1923.

K. Yaoita, K. Tsuji, Y. Katayama, M. Imai, and J. Chen, The structure of liquid bismuth under pressure, 1992.

C. Yoo, H. Cynn, P. Söderlind, and V. Iota, New b ( fcc ) -Cobalt to 210 GPa, Physical Review Letters, vol.84, issue.18, pp.4132-4135, 2000.
DOI : 10.1103/physrevlett.84.4132

C. Yoo, P. Söderlind, and H. Cynn, The phase diagram of cobalt at high pressure and temperature: the stability of -cobalt and new -cobalt, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, vol.10, issue.20, pp.311-318, 1998.

X. Yu, A. Richard, and . Secco, Equation of state of liquid Fe-17 wt % Si to 12

, GPa. High Pressure Research, vol.28, issue.1, pp.19-28, 2008.

Z. Zeng, C. Hu, L. C. Cai, and F. Jing, Physica B: Condensed Matter, vol.407, issue.3, pp.330-334, 2012.

W. Zhang, Z. Liu, Z. Liu, and L. Cai, Melting curves and entropy of melting of iron under Earth's core conditions, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol.244, pp.69-77, 2015.

W. Zhang, Z. Liu, and Y. Peng, Molecular dynamics simulations of the melting curves and nucleation of nickel under pressure, Physica B: Physics of Condensed Matter, vol.449, pp.144-149, 2014.

W. J. Zhang, Y. F. Peng, and Z. Liu, Molecular dynamics study of melting curve, entropy of fusion and solid-liquid interfacial energy of cobalt under pressure, Physica B: Condensed Matter, vol.440, pp.33-40, 2014.

Y. Zhang, T. Sekine, H. He, Y. Yu, F. Liu et al., Experimental constraints on light elements in the Earth's outer core, vol.6, pp.1-9, 2016.
DOI : 10.1038/srep22473

URL : https://www.nature.com/articles/srep22473.pdf

. V-n-zharkov, Equations of State for Solids at High Pressures and Temperatures, 1971.