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, Dans les années 1930, un analyseur à secteur magnétique est combiné à un analyseur à secteur électrique pour former un analyseur à secteur magnétique double focalisation

, Cette correction permet d'améliorer la résolution en masse. D'un point de vue « performances analytiques », l'analyseur à secteur magnétique permet l'étude d'une large gamme de masse mais également des analyses quantitatives

, Il s'agit de l'analyseur à temps de vol (TimeOf-Flight souvent abrégé par l'acronyme TOF), où les ions sont séparés cette fois-ci par leur temps d'arrivée à un détecteur (Cameron and Eggers, une nouvelle technique d'analyse est inventée, 1946.

-. Reflectron and M. , Cette méthode rapide, dont le principe initial est schématisé en Figure 0-11, a été grandement améliorée depuis son invention. En effet, si les performances analytiques du TOF sont faibles, certaines évolutions comme le RTOF, Dans un champ électrique donné, l'accélération des particules (donc leur vitesse finale) dépend du rapport m/z. Les ions arrivent ainsi au détecteur après un « temps de vol » fonction de leur rapport m/z, 1973.

R. Howard, 1996) ont permis d'accroitre ses performances, notamment du point de vue de sa résolution en masse. Cette technique permet une bonne précision en masse et la détection d'ions positifs comme négatifs

, Schéma de principe de l'analyseur en masse à temps de vol tiré de Stephan, pp.0-11, 2001.

. Sommer, Elle est basée sur le principe de la résonance cyclotronique, datant de 1929, et sur le principe du piège à ions de Penning, inventé en 1936 (Penning, 1936), La spectrométrie de masse à résonance cyclonique ionique (ICR) fait son apparition en 1951, 1951.

B. Annexe, Petite histoire de la spectrométrie de masse -Naissance & concepts de cette technique d'analyse de choix

D. Annexe and . Arevalo, en cours de publication dans le journal Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry L'article présenté dans cette Annexe se trouvait en cours de révision par le journal Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry lors du rendu de la version provisoire de ce manuscrit. Il est à noter que la reproduction de l, 2018.

. Arevalo and . Arevalo, L'article en version finale est référencé dans la bibliographie, 2018.

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