Brownian motion under external force field and anomalous diffusion

Abstract : The work presented in this thesis deals with the study of the Brownian motion of a colloidal suspension under an external weak optical force, the study of convective effects and anomalous diffusion. We have built a dark field microscope in order to track the particles and reconstruct the Brownian trajectories with a spatial resolution of 20 nm and a temporal resolution of 8 ms.Statistical analysis of the trajectories has allowed us to extract the ballistic contribution induced by the radiation pressure force exerted by irradiating a laser on the particles. In addition to the mechanical effect of the laser on the particles, the fluid absorbs the radiation. Consequently, the temperature of the fluid rises and results in a thermal difference between the illuminated and the non-illuminated areas of the sample. In order to validate our weak force measurement, we have investigated two fundamental hypotheses in statistical physics: ergodicity and stationary aspect. A closer statistical analysis enables us to demonstrate and characterize the effect of anomalous Brownian diffusion. Our experiments have revealed the existence of anomalous trajectories, which can be understood as an effect of the interactions between the particles.
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Oussama Sentissi. Brownian motion under external force field and anomalous diffusion. Other. Université de Strasbourg, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018STRAF069⟩. ⟨tel-02160037⟩

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