Jeux de pouvoir pour l'accès aux ressources et devenir de l'élevage en Afrique soudanienne : le foncier pastoral dans l'Ouest du Burkina Faso

Abstract : Pastoral land tenure in Sudanian savannas is less studied than pastoral land tenure in Sahelian areas. However, livestock breeding has been growing in Sudanian areas since the 1970s, and is now the second largest sources of wealth after agriculture. Increase in croplands and livestock stems from population growth. This entails a growing and potentially conflicting spatial competition between agriculture and stockbreeding. This PhD dissertation builds on the case of western Burkina Faso to deal with the issue of the role and the spatial organization of stockbreeding in regions under land pressure. Data were mainly collected through interviews with producers and key informants, questionnaires, accompanying along herds during transhumance and remote sensing analysis. The first part describes decrease in pasturelands and its consequences on pastoral mobility. The second part is entered in the search fields of political ecology and geography of power. The analysis of local power relations and national rural development policies shows that land pressure comes along with a territorialisation of bushes to the detriment of pasturelands. This results into a growth of socio-economic inequalities between herders. Finally, the third part gathers arguments in favour of pastoralism in Sudanian areas and demonstrates that this production system will continue only if a pastoral land right is created. The analysis of the role and the strategy of each actor gives tools to conduct a policy of consultation on shared use of resources and territorial integration of activities.
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Alexis Gonin. Jeux de pouvoir pour l'accès aux ressources et devenir de l'élevage en Afrique soudanienne : le foncier pastoral dans l'Ouest du Burkina Faso. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA010703⟩. ⟨tel-02158083⟩

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