Innovative polymer-based membrane materials containing reactive (RILs) and polymerizable (PIL) ionic liquids

Abstract : In the last decades, membrane separation has played an important role in many industrial processes thanks to its versatility, low energy consumption, high performances of membranes, as well as a possibility of combining membrane technologies with other separation processes. Membrane technologies gave a great contribution to the improvement of separation processes in the industrial scale thanks to a number of advantages, such as the high selectivity of the separation, the opportunity to work with thermolabile compounds, and low energy demand. Pervaporation process is an important membrane separation technique used to separate binary or multicomponent liquid mixtures including close boiling solvents, azeotrope mixtures, and isomers. During pervaporation, feed components are in the direct contact with one side of the lyophilic membrane, while the selected components are preferentially transported across the membrane to the permeate side. Membranes used in pervaporation must be characterized by high selectivity, chemical stability, and mechanical strength at high temperatures. Selectivity and transport properties of the membrane determine the overall efficiency of the separation process. The comprehensive characterization of membranes is the crucial approach and can lead to broaden the knowledge about the influence of the membrane structure and membrane preparation conditions on the equilibrium, separation, and transport characteristics of the studied membranes, in order to develop new polymer materials with the expected efficiency of the separation process. Research has been also focused on the development of the membranes filled with ILs in order to tailor the separation properties of the developed membranes used in liquid separation by pervaporation, gas separation, and separation of metal ions as well as the conducting barriers in fuel cells. ILs are characterized by good thermal stability, high ionic conductivity, negligible vapor pressure, and low melting point. Due to their numerous unique properties, polymer membranes containing ILs (polymer-ILs) possess wide range of advantages, like better separation properties than the classical polymer membranes. This fact is related with much higher molecular diffusion in ionic liquid than in polymers. Therefore, the use of polymer-ILs in separation processes would result in superior separation behavior and higher fluxes. Morphology and physicochemical properties of ILs can be “tailored” depending on the separated system in order to obtain a suitable polymer material for a given separation process without preparation of a chemically new membrane. Even though there is a growing interest in the application of polymer membranes filled with ILs, the polymer-ILs based separation processes are limited due to the losses of the unbound ionic liquid in the course of the exploitation. The PhD is realized in the frame of "co-tutelle" system between the Faculty of Chemistry at the Nicolaus Copernicus University (NCU) in Toruń, Poland (Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes Research Group) and the University of Rouen Normandy, France (Barrier Polymer Materials and Membranes (MPBM) Research Group of the Laboratory of Polymers, Biopolymers, Surfaces (PBS)). The main aim of the present PhD thesis is to elaborate novel dense membranes based on poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and cellulose acetate propionate (CAP) filled with various reactive and polymerizable ILs in order to obtain the polymer-ionic liquid system in which ionic liquids are linked inside the polymer structure. The investigation of physicochemical characteristics and study of the equilibrium, barrier, and transport properties of the obtained membranes was carried out. Furthermore, the selected membranes were tested in pervaporation process in contact with water-propan-2-ol mixture, water and gas permeation measurements.
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Edyta Rynkowska. Innovative polymer-based membrane materials containing reactive (RILs) and polymerizable (PIL) ionic liquids. Polymers. Normandie Université; Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika (Toruń, Pologne), 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMR012⟩. ⟨tel-02157967⟩

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