De la ville de l'automobile à la ville des transports collectifs : le cas des sites propres bus du sud est parisien

Abstract : This thesis explores the relationship between urban planning and transport, by studying dedicated bus lanes projects in ten cities of the near Parisian suburb, a territory which has both correct accessibility to the city-centre and real estate opportunities, so that it can constitute a potential of « rebuilding the city over the city ». By studying archival documents, it traces the genesis of these dedicated bus lanes, from propositions, to negotiations, adaptations and deployments, associated with the analysis of the urban evolution of the concerned territories, during 30 years, mainly by using the land-use database from IAU-IDF. By this double approach, the research tries to understand the concept of « Transit Oriented Development » and assesses contrasted strategies of concerned cities toward these types of projects, and highlights the correlation between these strategies and city’s history and the social demographic composition. It also reveals the gap between the stated will and undertaken implementation or achieved results, a difference that may have various causes, but also enables to understand the different efforts that must be made to ensure the coherence between transport projects and urban projects. A dedicated bus lane can be a basis for an action in favour of a « Transit Oriented Development » or lead to a « development oriented transit ». In both cases, we can consider its implementation as a success, according to transport systems criteria, or deem that in the second case, only a part of the project potentialities were achieved, and that it is possible to learn from these experiences to develop the current practices and process
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Mounya El Hadeuf. De la ville de l'automobile à la ville des transports collectifs : le cas des sites propres bus du sud est parisien. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Paris-Est, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1074⟩. ⟨tel-02157912⟩

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