L'interprétation de la Charte européenne des langues régionales ou minoritaires

Abstract : The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages adopted in 1992 is the only international treaty dealing exclusively with linguistic diversity. It lays down obligations which are interpreted by the State parties and by the Committee of Experts, a monitoring body established by the Charter. Adding up the Charter’s obligations amounts to the existence of a language policy aiming for the protection and the promotion of regional or minority languages. Therefore, when interpreting these obligations, both the States and the Committee define the framework of the language policy. In so doing, the interpretation of legal norms and the existence of a public policy become connected. This connection is not neutral as the language policy uses the Charter’s obligations in order to achieve its objective : the protection and the promotion of regional or minority languages. This « instrumental » conception of the obligations layed down by the treaty does have an impact on their interpretation. It influences the States’ interpretation by transforming the content of the acts they adopt when implementing the treaty. As for the Committee of Experts, the requirements resulting from its interpretation are also influenced by the language policy’s objective. Thus, the common construction of the language policy by the interpretation provided by the States and by the monitoring body of the Charter involves a more general reflection on the changing nature of law when it aims to deal with and transform complex social realities.
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Victor Grigore Guset. L'interprétation de la Charte européenne des langues régionales ou minoritaires. Droit. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0884⟩. ⟨tel-02157075⟩

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