Discovery of active secondary metabolites from Paenibacillus odorifer, a lichen-associated bacterium

Abstract : Bacteria which are prolific sources of antibiotics and important suppliers to the pharmaceutical agents can produce a wide variety of metabolites. Thus finding metabolites from the bacterial lineages represented new interests for chemists. Among that, lichens are admitted as a rich source of new bacterial lineages and novel bacterial compounds. Therefore, microorganism communities associated with lichens became significant subjects as great potential for the production of active natural compounds. In this thesis, we focus our work on the isolation of bacterial lineages from the lichen Rhizocarpon geographicum, one of the most popular crustose lichens dwelling on the rock. Among the strains isolated, Paenibacillus odorifer was selected for further work to produce active compounds. After the culture optimization steps, the study of extracts from the P. odorifer cultures either in the bioreactor or in Erlenmeyer flask led to the production of metabolites: an antioxidant polysaccharide, two cytotoxic tert-butylphenol derivatives which came from the bioaccumulation and biotransformation of precursors, a novel and cytotoxic alkaloid compound, two diol compounds, two furfural derivatives and some other known compounds. Putative biosynthetic pathways have been proposed for some compounds. The diversity of metabolites isolated from P. odorifer highlighted that this species possessed a great potential of the production active compounds and were a new case of tert-butyl phenol utilizing bacterium.
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Thi Bach Le Nguyen. Discovery of active secondary metabolites from Paenibacillus odorifer, a lichen-associated bacterium. Pharmacology. Université Rennes 1, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018REN1S098⟩. ⟨tel-02156725⟩

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