Exploitation minière et exploitation humaine : les charbonnages dans le Vietnam colonial, 1874-1945

Abstract : Coal was known in Vietnam from early on, but it was during the colonial period that it was subjected to systematic exploitation. The French were interested in these mineral resources of Vietnam before the colonial conquest. After the establishment of French protectorate in Tonkin and in Annam in 1883-1884, coal mining grew quickly as a result of influx of capital and introduction of technics from France and became one of principal industrial activities in Tonkin. The colonial authorities strongly supported the “mise en valeur” of colony by French capitalism. Nevertheless, it was not easy even for the biggest French companies to organise a new production activity in a country hardly industrialised. Whereas Hòn Gai colliery succeeded in overcoming financial, commercial and industrial difficulties and to make sizeable profits, most other mining enterprises did never provide enough returns to capital employed and even some of them ended in total failure. In particular, mining companies had great difficulty in recruiting workers and retaining them to mines, working conditions of which were particularly harsh. High mobility characterised workforce of mines and delayed thus formation of class consciousness among mine workers. The general strike of Hòn Gai workers in november 1936 witnessed however emergence of a new social class, whom Vietnamese communist activists sought to make revolutionary vanguard against colonialism and capitalism
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Jaehyun Jeoung. Exploitation minière et exploitation humaine : les charbonnages dans le Vietnam colonial, 1874-1945. Histoire. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCC053⟩. ⟨tel-02155129⟩

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