Femme et dame de courtoisie dans les manuscrits enluminés en France aux XIVe et XVe siècles

Abstract : With a corpus of one hundred and twenty-seven illuminations, from eighty-one manuscripts painted in France in the 14th and 15th centuries, my thesis examines the construction of the lady’s character, through the texts and the imagery.Between imagination and historical reality, we studying how the representations of this idealized figure, praised by troubadours and authors of the late Middle Ages, influence social relationship about the medieval noble woman. It is necessary to distinguish these feminine entities, one real, the other ideal, both sharing some similarities through the images.Our iconographic study is based on two main axes: social rituals and identity. This work uses the serial method of medieval imagery, developped by Jérôme Baschet. It considering recurrences and iconographic modulations, as well as the singularity of the illuminations. This method requires a connection between the images, revealing certain gestures and manners to define the lady’s identity as an object or a subject in the representations.The thesis then explores the role of the lady in the imaginary and the chivalrous society, the "courtly" culture of vassalic rites and the identity of this loved character, between allegory, gender and transgression.
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Audrey Pennel. Femme et dame de courtoisie dans les manuscrits enluminés en France aux XIVe et XVe siècles. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019UBFCH006⟩. ⟨tel-02152444⟩

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