Visualité et contre-visualité. Les images de guerres et de conflits tournées par des amateurs, et leur utilisation dans l’art contemporain. Une politique des images sur un « bruit de fond » godardien

Abstract : Considering the idea that war and images are two interdependent concepts, the thesis deals with two key concepts: visuality and counter-visuality. Visuality as a way of perpetuating the war represents dominant discourses. Contemporary art would therefore be a possibility of constructing counter-visuality. The contemporary “global war” - total and dispersed - would have a visual production that would correspond to it: the amateur images, also scattered and widely circulated. How are these images - usually related to the private sphere - converted into records of contemporary war? How does art face war and the dominant visuality by utilizing these images?The research attempts to characterize this amateur production of images and to frame it in the conflicting time of the present. Would such a production be a resistance to the current visuality or, on the contrary, something that strengthens it? From then on, by analyzing a circumscribed corpus of four contemporary visual artists (Clarisse Hahn, Rabih Mroué, Coco Fusco and Thomas Hirschhorn), we work on the hypothesis that the reuse of these images can contribute to the construction of a counter-visuality: by the artistic gesture, the removal of this material from a certain flow would cause a stop, a deviation towards a reconfiguration of the sensible where the conflicting factor would be highlighted. In a third moment, the thesis looks at the work of Jean-Luc Godard and Anne-Marie Miéville on the 1970s, when they question the strengths and weaknesses of militant cinema and challenge images and their potentialities. Some of their creative procedures are examined in retrospect because in our opinion they are still directly or indirectly present in the artistic practice of the aforementioned artists.
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Wagner Perez Morales Junior. Visualité et contre-visualité. Les images de guerres et de conflits tournées par des amateurs, et leur utilisation dans l’art contemporain. Une politique des images sur un « bruit de fond » godardien. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCA101⟩. ⟨tel-02152374⟩

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