Contribution électrochimique à l’étude de la corrosion sous contrainte des aciers inoxydables lean duplex en milieu purement chloruré et sous présence de sulfure d’hydrogène

Abstract : Lean duplex stainless steels, with low content of nickel and without molybdenum, represent an economic alternative for desalting plants and petroleum industry. For these uses, steel have the particularity to be exposed to very aggressive environments inducing phenomenon of Stress Corrosion Cracking as chlorides, hydrogen sulphur, high temperatures or acids.This study is divided in two parts dedicated to two different environments. The first part is devoted to chloride middles and the second to hydrogen sulphur middles. In both parts, the understanding of phenomenon linked to the stress corrosion cracking of lean duplex is studied on the grade steel S32304, then is compared to the behaviour of grade steels S32202 and S32101. The topics treated in this report are notably the influence of boiling environments on the cracking resistance of stainless steels, the mechanism of unpassivation and selective dissolution of lean duplex, the different modes of cracking in presence of hydrogen sulphur, and the initiation of stress corrosion cracking assisted by hydrogen sulphur
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Fiona Ruel. Contribution électrochimique à l’étude de la corrosion sous contrainte des aciers inoxydables lean duplex en milieu purement chloruré et sous présence de sulfure d’hydrogène. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014EMSE0743⟩. ⟨tel-02152033⟩

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