Fabrication et caractéristiques de cellules photovoltaïques multi-jonctions à base de matériaux antimoniures (III-Sb) pour applications sous fortes concentrations solaires

Abstract : The development of photovoltaic conversion systems these past thirty years led to considerable improvements in terms of cost and performances. The best conversion efficiencies are currently obtained with solar concentration systems associated with multi-junction solar cells (MJSC) made of III-V materials. In this field, the record efficiency is of 46.0% under a 508-sun solar concentration with a 4-junction cell from Soitec/Fraunhofer ISE/CEA. This MJSC is composed of a tandem cell lattice-matched to GaAs wafer bonded to another tandem cell lattice-matched to InP. Although it reached high conversion efficiency, its performances are limited under solar concentration because of the wafer bonding. In the field of high solar concentrations, the record is held by Solar Junction with a monolithic triple junction GaInP/GaAs/GaInNAs cell of 0.3 cm² that reached an efficiency of 44.0% under 942 suns (direct irradiance of 942 kW/m²). Another high solar concentration efficiency record worth mentioning is held by IES-UPM with a tandem solar cell (GaInP/GaAs) that reached an efficiency of 32.6% under a concentration of 1026 suns.In this context, the work presented in this manuscript aims to evaluate the potential of a new family of III-V materials for high solar concentration applications: antimonide-based materials (III-Sb). The studied cells in this thesis are made out of GaSb and the quaternary AlxGa1-xAsySb1-y, monolithically grown by MBE (Molecular Beam Epitaxy) on a GaSb substrate. These materials, thanks to the large range of available band-gaps, represent an original and well-founded alternative to existing solar cells for high solar concentration applications.The work achieved in this thesis covers:- The electrical and optical characterization of the quaternary materials used.- The conception and designing of the cells.- The production and tuning of every technological steps in order to fabricate our solar cells (UV photolithography, etching, metal deposition,…).- The electrical and optical characterization of our fabricated solar cells (I(V), TLM, spectral response,…).- The characterization under (high) solar concentration of our cells.This work was cofounded by the University of Montpellier and the LabEx SOLSTICE.
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Alexandre Vauthelin. Fabrication et caractéristiques de cellules photovoltaïques multi-jonctions à base de matériaux antimoniures (III-Sb) pour applications sous fortes concentrations solaires. Electronique. Université Montpellier, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018MONTS073⟩. ⟨tel-02151158⟩

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