Médecine, sexualité et excision. Sociologie de la réparation clitoridienne chez des femmes issues des migrations d'Afrique sub-saharienne

Abstract : “Female genital mutilation” is a contemporary invention that has become an object of political debate since the late 1970s. Legal and medical discourse, followed by feminist discourse, have emerged on the international scene and outlined the contours of a worldwide recognized crime. Originally defined as a public health problem, excision of the clitoris has become the subject of reparation politics of sexuality in the 2000s. France has a unique policy that grants excised women the access to surgical repair of their clitoris. The surgery is reimbursed by the public health insurance system since 2003, providing an equal access to repair for all women and including the right to repair within social policies. This thesis is based on a unique empirical material including an ethnographic observation of two surgery units that practice clitoral repair surgery in Paris metropolitan area, a quantitative analysis of medical records of all patients followed by these units since their creation, and in-depth interviews of 30 women who contacted one of the units. It retraces the logics of the two actors involved in repair surgery: the medical profession and patients. For African women from sub-Saharan Africa, repair reflects a genuine quest for equality in sexuality with unexcised European women. On the medical side, professionals answers requests made by women who are able to express excision as an attack/aggression and to claim their right to repair (“I want to get back what was taken from me”). Clitoral repair is an example of unprecedented repair policy of sexuality, in which medicine, sexuality and excision are questioned.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 17, 2019 - 1:01:01 PM
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Michela Villani. Médecine, sexualité et excision. Sociologie de la réparation clitoridienne chez des femmes issues des migrations d'Afrique sub-saharienne. Sociologie. Ecole des Hautes Etudes En Sciences Sociales Paris, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-02150806⟩

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