Asymptotic study of covariance operator of fractional processes : analytic approach with applications

Abstract : Eigenproblems frequently arise in theory and applications of stochastic processes, but only a few have explicit solutions. Those which do are usually solved by reduction to the generalized Sturm-Liouville theory for differential operators.The more general eigenproblems are not solvable in closed form and the subject of this thesis is the asymptotic spectral analysis of the fractional Gaussian processes and its applications.In the first part, we develop methodology for the spectral analysis of the fractional type covariance operators, corresponding to an important family of processes that includes the fractional Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process, the integrated fractional Brownian motion and the mixed fractional Brownian motion. We obtain accurate second order asymptotic approximations for both the eigenvalues and the eigenfunctions. In Chapter 2 we consider the covariance eigenproblem for Gaussian bridges. We show how the spectral asymptotics of a bridge can bederived from that of its base process, considering, as an example, the case of the fractional Brownian bridge. In the final part we consider three representative applications of the developed theory: filtering problem of fractional Gaussian signals in white noise, large deviation properties of the maximum likelihood drift parameter estimator for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process driven by mixed fractional Brownian motion and small ball probabilities for the fractional Gaussian processes.
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Dmytro Marushkevych. Asymptotic study of covariance operator of fractional processes : analytic approach with applications. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université du Maine, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019LEMA1010⟩. ⟨tel-02150298⟩

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