Habitants et territoires dans un grand périmètre irrigué en Syrie : de la création à la liquidation d'une ferme d'Etat (Établissement Al-Assad - Projet de l'Euphrate - 1971-2010)

Abstract : How did the dwellers experience the implementation of the Al-Assad State Farm, a large-scale collectivised irrigation project in the 1970s, and its subsequent dismantling two decades later ? These two events reshaped living and working conditions, public service delivery, land use, the physical environment and landscape. Interlocutors’ discourse construes three successive periods, with each one as a point of comparison for the two others: the first, “time immemorial”, during which first comers, frugal and dependent upon Providence for rain for agriculture, appropriated plateau lands, described as a part of the desert. The second period was characterised by State seizing of the lands and control of both space and dwellers. In parallel this hierarchical community structure produced a sense of security and State support. The third was a period of relative increase in wealth, a degradation of public services, and the social exclusion of impoverished people due to a more competitive context. Exclusion from and access to resources was legitimised through the instrumentalisation of identity.
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Roman-Oliver Foy. Habitants et territoires dans un grand périmètre irrigué en Syrie : de la création à la liquidation d'une ferme d'Etat (Établissement Al-Assad - Projet de l'Euphrate - 1971-2010). Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA010613⟩. ⟨tel-02149884⟩

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