Dialectologie sociale quechua ˸ approche variationnelle du réseau dialectal sud bolivien : focus sur le Valle Alto de Cochabamba

Abstract : This dissertation deals with southern Bolivian Quechua and its linguistic, historical, and sociolinguistic aspects. At a historical level, I advance a model of relatively late (17th and 18th centuries) urban hierarchical centrifugal diffusion and an early Castilianization of the 2C Quechua variety, holding as the main center of diffusion the imperial mining city of Potosí. At the same time, the intersection betwen an emic (perceptive dialectology) and etic (variational sociolinguistic) approach results in the proposal of a sociolectal hierarchy between two varieties of Bolivian Quechua based largely on the perceived strength of Castillianization. As a result, this study of the Cochabamba Valle Alto involves two linguistic variables that are of particular relevance to the proposed structuring. The variants with low vowels from the plural inclusive morpheme Chik, [čeχ], [čaχ], formerly considered prestigious and once on the verge of imposing themselves on the high vowel variant [čis], traditionally linked to rurality, are now experiencing a strong setback as a result of the profound socioeconomic and migratory transformation of the last eighty years. At the same time, in production, the distribution of the rural [ʃa] and urban [sqa], [sa] variants of the morpheme of the progressive Chka remains globally stable. The proposed interpretation is that the lack of prominence of the variable stems from the lack of oposition between the alveolar and post-alveolar sibilants in Quechua 2C, as well as a phenomenon of near merger between the allomorphs in perception.
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Alexis Pierrard. Dialectologie sociale quechua ˸ approche variationnelle du réseau dialectal sud bolivien : focus sur le Valle Alto de Cochabamba. Linguistique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCA111⟩. ⟨tel-02149392⟩

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