Parcours des étudiants de l'université : les files d'attente pour l'éducation et l'emploi à l'aune de Sen et Bourdieu

Abstract : This thesis aims to analyze the inequalities in the educational pathways and their implications for access to the labor market. Indeed, integration inequalities are increasing, not only between holders of distinct degrees but also comparable. To explain the determinants of individual choices, we’re drawing on an original socio-economic approach mixing Sen and Bourdieu concepts to describe the opportunities available to young people in an institutional context marked by a queue.Such an approach requires, in a first part, a review of the usual theories around the labor supply. The labor queue and segmentation theories offer a more comprehensive view of the determinants of demand and job characteristics but are limited to explain the role of education on employment. Sen and Bourdieu conceptualizations are associated to overcome these limitations. This association makes it possible to explain situations of social reproduction as well as non-reproduction. Empirical investigations to operationalize the approach focus first deal with science graduates’ paths after obtaining the general bachelor. The weighting by economic and cultural capital of the courses helps characterize the elements which either stymie or reinforce a nonetheless dominant reproduction. Investigations on pathways are extended in a subsequent chapter on the issue of dropping out, using Generation 2010 data. A reading by capability yardsticks illustrates its protean character, varying with the social milieu. The last part broadens the Seno-Bourdieusian perspective to the transition to the labor market. This time, the social weighting is applied to trajectories in higher education and shows that these paths do not have the same effects on the "capabilities for work" following social milieu. Ultimately, investigations into the integration support devices suggest that if they can facilitate professional transitions, they are struggling to reduce the "capability gap".
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Boris Ménard. Parcours des étudiants de l'université : les files d'attente pour l'éducation et l'emploi à l'aune de Sen et Bourdieu. Sociologie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU20107⟩. ⟨tel-02149365⟩

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