The use of microbial parameters in monitoring soil pollution by heavy metals, Biol. Fertil. Soils, vol.19, pp.269-279, 1995. ,
Arsenic and Heavy Metal Pollution of Soil, Water and Sediments in a Semi-Arid Climate Mining Area in Mexico, Water. Air. Soil Pollut, vol.152, pp.129-152, 2004. ,
A Cost-effective Wireless Sensor Network System for Indoor Air Quality Monitoring Applications, Procedia Comput. Sci, vol.34, pp.165-171, 2014. ,
Multi-parameter measurements using optical fibre long period gratings for indoor air quality monitoring, Sens. Actuators B Chem, vol.244, pp.217-225, 2017. ,
Wireless Monitoring of Indoor Air Quality by a Sensor Network, Indoor Built Environ, vol.19, pp.145-150, 2010. ,
SmartCoast: A Wireless Sensor Network for Water Quality Monitoring, 32nd IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (LCN 2007, pp.815-816, 2007. ,
, Air pollution by ozone in Europe in summer, European Environment Agency Available, p.1, 2001.
Marine Notice : Carbon Dioxide : Health Hazard, Aust. Marit. Saf. Auth, 2003. ,
Excess winter morbidity among older people at risk of cold homes: a population-based study in a London borough, J. Public Health, vol.27, pp.353-358, 2005. ,
, Making the Case: the impact of heat on health -now and in the future -Heatwave_plan_2013_-_Making_the_case_Accessible_updated, 2013.
Indirect health effects of relative humidity in indoor environments, Environ. Health Perspect, vol.65, pp.351-361, 1986. ,
Health effects of indoor-air microorganisms, Scand. J. Work. Environ. Health, vol.22, pp.5-13, 1996. ,
A review of the emission of VOCs from polymeric materials used in buildings, Build. Environ, vol.33, pp.357-374, 1998. ,
Developed urban air quality monitoring system based on wireless sensor networks, 2011 Fifth International Conference on Sensing Technology, pp.549-554, 2011. ,
Smart Sensors Network for Air Quality Monitoring Applications, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas, vol.58, pp.3253-3262, 2009. ,
A study on NDIR-based CO2 sensor to apply remote air quality monitoring system, 2009. ,
Air Quality Monitoring with SensorMap, 2008 International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks (ipsn 2008, pp.529-530, 2008. ,
Distributed smart sensor system for indoor climate monitoring, pp.10-11, 2017. ,
Design of a Water Environment Monitoring System Based on Wireless Sensor Networks, Sensors, vol.9, pp.6411-6434, 2009. ,
Design of Early Warning and Predictive Sourcewater Monitoring Systems, 2001. ,
Robust multi-parameter sensing probe for water monitoring based on ALD-coated metallic micro-patterns, 2016 IEEE 11th Annual International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems (NEMS), pp.342-345, 2016. ,
Advances in on-line drinking water quality monitoring and early warning systems, Water Res, vol.45, pp.741-747, 2011. ,
, Spectrometer Probes. Available at, p.24, 2018.
, Decisive Actions. Available, p.24, 2018.
, KAPTA TM 2000-AC2 In-line chlorine sensor | Veolia Water Technologies
, BioSentry TM MONITORING SYSTEM FOR WATERBORNE MICROORGANISMS, vol.27, p.24, 2018.
, Water Optics Technology. Available, p.24, 2018.
Resistive and Capacitive Based Sensing Technologies, Int. Freq. Sens. Assoc. Publ, vol.90, pp.100-116, 2008. ,
A study on the fabrication of an RTD (resistance temperature detector) by using Pt thin film, Korean J. Chem. Eng, vol.18, pp.61-66, 2001. ,
Piezoresistive pressure sensors based on polycrystalline silicon, Sens. Actuators Phys, vol.28, pp.113-132, 1991. ,
Micromachined pressure sensors: review and recent developments, Smart Mater. Struct, vol.6, p.530, 1997. ,
Design optimization of a high performance silicon MEMS piezoresistive pressure sensor for biomedical applications, J. Micromechanics Microengineering, vol.16, p.2060, 2006. ,
What is non-revenue water? How can we reduce it for better water service?, The Water Blog, p.5, 2016. ,
The advantages of water pressure management, 2015. ,
Detection using pressure sensors and mathematical models Water Loss, 2009. ,
Semiconductor strain gauge, 1963. ,
Available at, p.26, 1998. ,
, YSI Model 3200 Conductance, Resistance, Salinity, Total Dissolved Solids and Temperature Instrument, 1999.
, Monitoring and Assessing Water Quality -Volunteer Monitoring | Monitoring & Assessment | US EPA, p.18, 2018.
Specific conductance; theoretical considerations and application to analytical quality control, P.O, 1988. ,
, Electrical Conductivity, USGS Water Science School. Available, p.26, 2018.
The Fundamental Conductivity and Resistivity of Water, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett, vol.8, pp.16-19, 2005. ,
Limnology: Lake and River Ecosystems, 2001. ,
, Properties of seawater, 2018.
Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 1998. ,
Electrical Conductivity/Salinity Fact Sheet, The Clean Water Team Guidance Compendium for Watershed Monitoring and Assessment State Water Resources Control Board, 2002. ,
, Water quality indicators, p.26, 2018.
Contactless conductivity detection for microfluidics: Designs and applications, Talanta, vol.74, pp.358-364, 2007. ,
Capacitively coupled electrolyte-conductivity sensor based on high-k material of barium strontium titanate, Sens. Actuators B Chem, vol.198, pp.102-109, 2014. ,
, , 1995.
How far does light travel in the ocean? Available at, p.18, 2018. ,
Accessed: 18th March 2018) 56. Thermal pollution -The Encyclopedia of Earth, USGS Water Science School. Available, p.18, 2018. ,
Temperature-electrical conductivity relation of water for environmental monitoring and geophysical data inversion, Environ. Monit. Assess, vol.96, pp.119-128, 2004. ,
, Temperature Effects on Solubility. Available at
Effect of temperature on the toxicity of some metals to Labeo bata (Hamilton, 1822), Int. J. Adv. Life Sci, issue.6, pp.252-254, 2013. ,
Available at, 2018. ,
, Final Aquatic Life Ambient Water Quality Criteria For Ammonia-Freshwater, Federal Register, 2013.
, Measuring ORP on YSI 6-Series Sondes: Tips, Cautions and Limitations, 2005.
, USGS Water Science School. Available, 2018.
, LabBench Activity Key Concepts II: Temperature and Metabolic Activity. Pearson Available
Effect of rapid temperature change on resting routine metabolic rates of two benthic elasmobranchs, Fish Physiol. Biochem, vol.37, pp.929-934, 2011. ,
The Beginner's Guide to Temperature Measurement, 2012. ,
, , 2018.
, , 2018.
The foundations of thermometry, IOPscience, vol.38, pp.151-239, 1975. ,
, , p.24, 2018.
, , 2018.
, , 2018.
Review of temperature measurement, Rev. Sci. Instrum, vol.71, pp.2959-2978, 2000. ,
High Sensitivity Micro-Thermal Conductivity Detector for Gas Chromatography, 2009 IEEE 22nd International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, pp.264-267, 2009. ,
Micro Sensors: Linking Real-Time Oscillatory Shear Stress with Vascular Inflammatory Responses, Ann. Biomed. Eng, vol.32, pp.189-201, 2004. ,
Anemometer with hot platinum thin film, Sens. Actuators Phys, vol.94, pp.32-38, 2001.,
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00323760
Micromachined flow sensors-a review, Flow Meas. Instrum, vol.8, pp.7-16, 1997. ,
Application of a microflown as a low-cost level sensor, J. Micromechanics Microengineering, vol.10, p.250, 2000. ,
, Cost Flow Transducer Fabricated with the Amanda-Process. in Transducers '01 Eurosensors XV, pp.1444-1447, 2001.
Platinum/palladium thin-film thermocouples for temperature measurements on silicon wafers, Sens. Actuators Phys, vol.69, pp.46-52, 1998. ,
, E. Micromachined Thermal Flow Sensors-A Review. Micromachines, vol.3, pp.550-573, 2012.
MEMS technology and devices for a micro fluid dosing system, 2003. ,
Temperature Sensors, Modern Snsor Handbook, pp.347-391, 2007. ,
Mechanical Variables Measurement -Thermal, Measurement, Instrumentation and Handbook ,
The status of Johnson noise thermometry, Metrologia, vol.33, p.325, 1996. ,
Thermal Agitation of Electricity in Conductors, Phys. Rev, vol.32, pp.97-109, 1928. ,
Thermal Agitation of Electric Charge in Conductors, Phys. Rev, vol.32, pp.110-113, 1928. ,
Application of RTD Sensor in the Real Time Measurement and Wireless Transmission, 2014 Fourth International Conference on Instrumentation and Measurement, pp.658-662, 2014. ,
High temperature thermal conductivity of platinum microwire by 3? method, Rev. Sci. Instrum, vol.81, p.114904, 2010. ,
, Thermal conductivity detector (TCD), p.7, 2018.
Review on Micro-Gas Analyzer Systems: Feasibility, Separations and Applications, Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem, vol.46, pp.455-468, 2016.,
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01929316
Thermal analysis and simulation of the microchannel flow in miniature thermal conductivity detectors, Sens. Actuators Phys, vol.79, pp.211-218, 2000. ,
Fluid Flow Instrumentation, 2007. ,
, Our Time -BBC, p.21, 2018.
A decade of MEMS and its future. in, Tenth Annual International Workshop on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, 1997. MEMS '97, Proceedings, 1997. ,
A microfluidic platform with integrated flow sensing for focal chemical stimulation of cells and tissue, Sens. Actuators B Chem, vol.152, pp.267-276, 2011. ,
Monolithic integration of micro-channel on disposable flow sensors for medical applications, Sens. Actuators Phys, vol.145, pp.66-74, 2008. ,
Micromachined Flow Sensors in Biomedical Applications ,
, Micromachines, vol.3, pp.225-243, 2012.
MEMS shear stress sensors for microcirculation, Sens. Actuators Phys, vol.118, pp.25-32, 2005. ,
Novel device for calibration-free flow rate measurements in micro gas chromatographic systems, J. Micromechanics Microengineering, vol.20, p.95034, 2010. ,
Selectivity enhancement of metal oxide gas sensors using a micromachined gas chromatographic column, Sens. Actuators B Chem, vol.105, pp.400-406, 2005. ,
Modeling of Occupant-Generated CO2 Dynamics in Naturally Ventilated Classrooms, J. Occup. Environ. Hyg, vol.1, pp.139-148, 2004. ,
2-D Micromachined Thermal Wind Sensors #x2014;A Review, IEEE Internet Things J, vol.1, pp.216-232, 2014.,
DOI : 10.1109/jiot.2014.2319296
A FCOB packaged thermal wind sensor with compensation, Microsyst. Technol, vol.16, pp.511-518, 2010. ,
Design Issues for Low Power Integrated Thermal Flow Sensors with UltraWide Dynamic Range and Low Insertion Loss, vol.3, pp.295-314, 2012. ,
Miniaturized thermal flow sensor with planar-integrated sensor structures on semicircular surface channels, Sens. Actuators Phys, vol.143, pp.1-6, 2008. ,
MEMS flow sensors for nano-fluidic applications ,
, Actuators Phys, vol.89, pp.152-158, 2001.
Two-Dimensional Micromachined Flow Sensor Array for Fluid Mechanics Studies, J. Aerosp. Eng, vol.16, pp.85-97, 2003. ,
Asymmetrical locations of heaters and sensors relative to each other using heater arrays: a novel method for designing multi-range electrocaloric mass-flow sensors ,
, Actuators Phys, vol.62, pp.506-512, 1997.
A flexible polymer tube lab-chip integrated with microsensors for smart microcatheter, Biomed. Microdevices, vol.10, pp.671-679, 2008. ,
High resolution flow characterization in Bio-MEMS ,
, Sens. Actuators Phys, vol.100, pp.54-62, 2002.
A 2D thermal flow sensor with submW power consumption, Sens. Actuators Phys, vol.163, pp.449-456, 2010. ,
A micromachined flow sensor for liquid and gaseous fluids, Sens. Actuators Phys, vol.41, pp.293-299, 1994. ,
Integrated flow sensor for in situ measurement and control of acoustic streaming in flexural plate wave micropumps, Sens. Actuators Phys, vol.79, pp.115-121, 2000. ,
MEMS Flow Sensors Based on Self-Heated aGe-Thermistors in a Wheatstone Bridge, Sensors, vol.15, pp.10004-10025, 2015. ,
Time-of-flight thermal flowrate sensor for lab-on-chip applications, Lab. Chip, vol.11, pp.215-223, 2011. ,
Characteristics of on-wall in-tube flexible thermal flow sensor under radially asymmetric flow condition, Sens. Actuators Phys, vol.138, pp.87-96, 2007. ,
Experimental and theoretical study of an on-wall in-tube flexible thermal sensor ,
, Micromechanics Microengineering, vol.17, p.679, 2007.
A micromachined thin-film gas flow sensor for microchemical reactors ,
, J. Micromechanics Microengineering, vol.16, p.731, 2006.
A magnetic nanocomposite for biomimetic flow sensing, Lab. Chip, vol.14, pp.4362-4369, 2014. ,
Integrated flow sensing for focal biochemical stimulation, 3rd IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, pp.921-926, 2008. ,
A Smart Flow Sensor for Flow Direction Measurement, Adv. Mater. Res. 47, vol.50, pp.189-192, 2008. ,
On the convection of heat from small cylinders in a stream of fluid: Determination of the convection constants of small platinum wires, with applications to hot-wire anemometry, Proc R Soc Lond A, vol.90, pp.563-570, 1914. ,
Low power consumption design of micro-machined thermal sensor for portable spirometer, Tamkang J. Sci. Eng, vol.8, pp.225-230, 2005. ,
A high-temperature thermopile fabrication process for thermal flow sensors, Sens. Actuators Phys, pp.262-266, 2006. ,
Comparison of thermal performance between glass and silicon interposers, 2013 IEEE 63rd Electronic Components and Technology Conference, pp.1480-1487, 2013. ,
Micro-fabricated thermal flowrate sensors: the substrate material impact on the device performance and power consumption,
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01865930
Robust Multi-Parameter Sensing Probe for Water Monitoring Based on ALDCoated Metallic Micro-patterns" Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems (NEMS), IEEE 11th Annual International Conference, 2016. ,
On the Co-Integration of a Thermo-resistive Flow Rate Sensor in a Multi-Parameter Sensing Chip for Water Network Monitoring" Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (TRANSDUCERS), 2017. ,
Design of micro-fabricated thermal 26 flow-rate sensor for water network monitoring, Symposium on Design, Test, Integration and Packaging of 27 MEMS/MOEMS (DTIP) 2017 Symposium on Design, Test, Integration and Packaging of MEMS/MOEMS 28 (DTIP), pp.1-4, 2017. ,
Energy efficient micro-machined thermal flow-rate sensor based on transient operation mode, Symposium on Design, Test, Integration and Packaging of MEMS/MOEMS (DTIP), 2018. ,
Micro-fabricated thermal flow-rate sensors for water networks monitoring: the impact of the substrate material on the device performance and power consumption, J. of Microsys. Technol, 2018. ,
Sensitivity optimization of micro-machined thermo-resistive flow-rate sensors on silicon substrates ,
, , vol.28, p.74002, 2018.
Carbon Nanotubes Meet MEMS: Co-integration Enables 9 Physical and Chemical Sensors on a Single Chip's IoT Node for Water Network Monitoring ,