Modélisation physique du renforcement par géosynthétique des remblais granulaires et cohésifs sur cavités

Abstract : The French underground is occupied by a considerable number of natural or anthropogenic underground cavities: former mining areas, quarries, karsts, tunnels and abandoned civil structures, etc. These cavities are the source of various risks of ground movements such as sinkholes and subsidence which can have a large impact on the safety people and structures or infrastructures. In order to reduce this risk, a reinforcement of the embankments by geosynthetic in the zones of potential cavities can be implemented. In this context, the thesis has been funded and managed by INERIS (research project EREVAN - Evaluation and Reduction of the Vulnerability of the properties exposed to the natural and mining Hazards), in partnership with 3SR laboratory. One of the objectives of this research is in particular to better understand, further to the opening of an underlying cavity, the behavior and the mechanisms of collapse of reinforced embankment, especially in the case of cohesive soil, in order to optimize its design.As a part of this work, various experiments on physical models in laboratory and on site have been realized. The results obtained in laboratory allowed to determine the behavior of the geosynthetic reinforcement following the collapse of a granular or/and cohesive embankment over a cavity, an important experimental database has thus been established. Full scale experiment allowed to validate the technical, economic and environmental benefits of geosynthetic reinforcement of zones subject to sinkhole.The particular contribution of this work is in the use of original physical models and measurement techniques used to simulate the occurrence of a sinkhole and follow in an accurate quantitative way the involved mechanisms, notably in the case of a cohesive backfill. In particular, a specific evaluation of load transfer mechanisms and soil - geosynthetic reinforcement interaction due to sinkhole has been enabled by the development and the validation of an image processing technique. The intensity of the load transmitted by the ground onto the geosynthetic reinforcement, the geometry of its distribution, as well as its evolution due to possible overburden load have been specifically investigated.Experimental results have been compared with analytical formulations resulting from existing design methods in the literature. This comparison allowed us to better define the domains of validity of the current analytical methods for design of geosynthetic reinforcement whether for granular or cohesive backfill, and in certain cases to formulate some recommendations.
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Mouhamad Hassoun. Modélisation physique du renforcement par géosynthétique des remblais granulaires et cohésifs sur cavités. Génie mécanique [physics.class-ph]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAI008⟩. ⟨tel-02148226⟩

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