Les inégalités d'accès aux ressources urbaines dans les franges périurbaines de Lille et Belo Horizonte (Brésil)

Abstract : This research elaborates on a growing consensus in academic literature that low-density areas become gradually more complex and that their presumed homogeneity should be questioned. Undeniably, suburban sprawl is now characterized by a series of multifaceted, uneven and emergent post-suburban processes that assume specific forms across divergent spatiotemporal contexts. This thesis seeks to examine the impacts of the recent shifts observed in the suburban areas of Lille and Belo Horizonte in (potential and real) access to daily urban amenities (shops, services, health and leisure facilities). This comparative exercise that cannot be resumed in socio-economic and demographic criteria proposes to focus on ordinary processes that help shaping suburbanism(s), or suburban’s ways of life. First, results indicate that although global tendencies are shown to be similar in both contexts, the Metropolitan Area of Lille seems to benefit middle-class groups, while Belo Horizonte seems to be more polarized. Second, the results of semi-structured interviews conducted with the inhabitants of the suburban areas highlight how access to urban amenities is influenced by individual obstacles and strategies, such as residential trajectories and sequential trips. The analysis underlines, on the one hand, automobile dependency and, on the other hand, the diversity of travel behaviors and mobility strategies that are influenced not only by individual characteristics, but also spatial and local structures.
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Eugênia Dória Viana Cerqueira. Les inégalités d'accès aux ressources urbaines dans les franges périurbaines de Lille et Belo Horizonte (Brésil). Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I; Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Brésil), 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PA01H097⟩. ⟨tel-02148194⟩

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