Le cinéma de Patricio Guzmán. Histoire, mémoires, engagements : un itinéraire transnational

Abstract : This research work brings to light the itinerary of Patricio Guzmán, Chilean documentary filmmaker active since the sixties. With the help of an experimental and multidisciplinary approach, we are questioning the dynamic relationships between cinema, history and memories through the biography of an artist who becomes, gradually, a transnational mediator between Chile and the world. The chronological plan starts by studying the Chilean director’s artistic adolescence, between the fifties and the end of 1972, heart of the time of Salvador Allende’s Popular Unity. Then, we are interested in the seventies, when Patricio Guzmán leaves in exile after the coming of Pinochet’s dictatorship to power. Patiently, he creates The battle of Chile’s trilogy, in the revolutionary Cuba, while the Chilean tragedy generates multiples kinds of solidarities at the international level. In a third step, we retrace the Chilean exile’s itinerary in the eighties and nineties, between Spain and adventures of creative travels, mainly in collaboration with the Spanish National Television. The Chilean obstinacy stays, despites geographical distance : she’s nurtured by others horizon’s experiences. Lastly, we spend the last part of this research focusing on the post-dictatorship’s Patricio Guzmán’s cinema, marked by discerning memorialization’s commitments, as well as turmoil of his creation method. The director confirms his status of documentary’s global reference, as well as the power of his transnationals networks. This research work combines historical contextualization and movie’s analysis (besides of their existence’s possibilities).
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Julien Joly. Le cinéma de Patricio Guzmán. Histoire, mémoires, engagements : un itinéraire transnational. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCA052⟩. ⟨tel-02147495⟩

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