Les antinaturalismes fin-de-siècle de Barbey à Barrès (1877-1908). Exploration d'un labyrinthe critique, sociologique, philosophique, esthétique et moral

Abstract : Antinaturalists! This term brings out the figures of critics of the nineteenth century, whose names have remained more or less engraved in memory and in literary history: Barbey d'Aurevilly, Leon Bloy, Leon Daudet, but also Pontmartin, Remy de Gourmont or Jean-Marie Guyau ... fascinating authors by their virulence, their rejection of modernity, their philosophical positions out of norm or innovative ... The present study tends to show the diversity that can animate this group, which is defined by the negative as "those who oppose Zola's literature". This alliance of opposites allows them to constitute themselves in full force on the literary chessboard.To apprehend this tension between the plurality of figures and the strength of a group whose unity is shattered on the Dreyfus affair, a first part will propose some pathways in the sociology and philosophy of the time, which highlight a complex landscape, traversed by strange phenomena of breaks and continuity. Then, questioning the way in which antinaturalists form a critical discourse. A chapter devoted to antinaturalist rhetoric will only reinforce the idea of ​​multiplicity within this group. A double-movement of construction and deconstruction of this concept, will lead to reevaluate some grievances addressed to Zola by his enemies to highlight phenomena of re-borrowing and singular and paradoxical positions, which testify to the importance of the naturalist author in the literary field of the late nineteenth century, both literary and political.
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Pascaline Hamon. Les antinaturalismes fin-de-siècle de Barbey à Barrès (1877-1908). Exploration d'un labyrinthe critique, sociologique, philosophique, esthétique et moral. Littératures. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCA069⟩. ⟨tel-02147486⟩

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