Du cultuel au culturel : les mutations du festival des fantômes de Keelung Zhongyuanjie XXe-XXIe siècle

Abstract : A festival such as the Keelung Zhongyuanjie Ghost Festival is a religious, aesthetic and communication event that provides functions of transmitting practices, value and symbols, regulating relations between social groups and dissemination of representations. In this special space-time framework, collective life and identities are constantly decomposed and recomposed according to the dynamics that has evolved over time. Meanwhile, individuals play temporary social roles within the clans regardless of their social status, level of wealth, ethnic or provincial origin, and even religious affiliations. In the festival, the social status of the individual is associated with practices of syncretism.Traditional festivals in Taiwan have evolved over the 20th century. At first, a dual social function dominated. On the one hand, it was to ensure a harmonious cohabitation between clans and religion. On the other hand, it was to ensure a peaceful relationship with the souls of the deceased. However, the essence of the religious activity has been transformed with time. Throughout the twentieth century, the festival has been compatibly integrated with a new dominant national culture. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, strengthening Taiwan's cultural identity became a political priority. The authorities promoted a series of festivals, all of which were officially called "Formosa Art Festivals". One of them,“The Keelung Zhongyuanjie Ghost Festival”, has expanded so much from the traditional and folkloric realm that it has become a national art festival.This study discusses the process of the transformation of Keelung Zhongyuanjie Ghost Festival. Some factors, such as the globalization of the economy, the change of technology and the dynamics of public policies, combine to support the change of the original model from a folk ceremony to an art festival. This research not only elaborates the transformations of the festival but also explores the formation of Taiwan's national identity in the twenty-first century.
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Chia-Fang Yu. Du cultuel au culturel : les mutations du festival des fantômes de Keelung Zhongyuanjie XXe-XXIe siècle. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCA079⟩. ⟨tel-02147369⟩

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