Les Romans de J.-M. G. Le Clézio : rôle de l’écrivain contemporain dans la fondation d’une littérature mondiale considérée comme pratique littéraire

Abstract : The concept of national literature evolved in 18th century’s Europe at the same time as the concept of nation-states. As a matter of fact, nation-states were in part made possible by literature, which acts, because of the cultural discourse it conveys, as a key vector that enables communities to imagine themselves. The institutionalization of literature served as a powerful tool for the leaders and elites of each community. They used it to establish their dominance and create a sense of national identity. This institutionalization was often conducted with a certain violence, that is, by sacrificing—for the benefit of unity—part of the cultural diversity that was flourishing inside the nation-state’s borders. Moreover, modern nationalism was born in Europe in a climate of rivalry: it is by opposing one’s own culture to that of one’s neighbours that one sought to define one’s own identity. The objective of our thesis is to study the role of the contemporary writer in the creation of a literature whose objective is, this time, to allow the world’s global community to imagine itself. We analyze the novels of J.-M.G. Le Clézio to identify the strategies he uses to allow the world’s different nations to feel they belong to a global group while preserving the specificity they are entitled to claim. Le Clézio’s novels fit in several respects in the Goethian notion of Weltliteratur, that of a literature that’s a counterpart of national literatures. That world literature then becomes an instrument to promote a new identity and unity in a world where diversity is now valued and lucid relationships have replaced rivalry.
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Julien Paradis Dufour. Les Romans de J.-M. G. Le Clézio : rôle de l’écrivain contemporain dans la fondation d’une littérature mondiale considérée comme pratique littéraire. Littératures. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCA015⟩. ⟨tel-02147356⟩

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