De la notation à la fiction dans l'écriture de la mémoire d'une expérience concentrationnaire : récit inédit d'un ancien prisonnier français du Vietminh, L'Elimination de R. Panh, Etre sans destin d'I. Kertesz

Abstract : Inheriting the unpublished story of a concentration camp experience implies accepting the moral duty of its interpretation. Comparing it with two others literary works on the same topic allows to build a reflection about the inevitable transformation undergone by a traumatic experience when you attempt to verbalize it. In effect, that comes down to say and convey an aporia. That is why resorting successfully to metaphor seems to be the most efficient way to endow this piece of life, unspeakable by itself, with a convincing rhetoric. Therefore, it is necessary to transpose the experience in order to manage to tell it, but also to make visible a past that comes back to conscience only in the form of pictures, while asserting its references to a reality inscribed into History. To succeed in such an attempt, the method consists first in elaborating a fiction from a lived reality, then in giving its writing a power of visualisation, and eventually in introducing into it an internal dialectic capable of causing in the reader the uprising of an ethical reflection. In fact, the truth of any testimony remains tributary of an identity that is built only at the occasion of a storytelling. Moreover, the text is written in the present and from mere memorial marks. Finally, even when History gives validation to its references, a dark part remains, which will always escape the articulated language. This questionning about what may give the concentration camp experience its strenght of impact then leads to suggest that, since the camp has been lived as an experimentation of defiguration, it is only by inscribing it into a poetic of incarnation, capable of restituting to the dead letter its explosive power, that the survivor will be able to reconquer a human face.
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Odile Dujon. De la notation à la fiction dans l'écriture de la mémoire d'une expérience concentrationnaire : récit inédit d'un ancien prisonnier français du Vietminh, L'Elimination de R. Panh, Etre sans destin d'I. Kertesz. Littératures. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCA003⟩. ⟨tel-02147348⟩

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