Mosaïques de Poisson-Voronoï sur une variété riemannienne

Abstract : A Poisson-Voronoi tessellation is a random partition of the Euclidean space intopolytopes, called cells, obtained from a discrete set of points called germs. To each germ corresponds a cell which is the set of the points of the space which are closer to this germ than to the other germs. These models are often used in several domains such as biology, telecommunication, astronomy, etc. The caracteristics of these tessellations and cells have been widely studied in the Euclidean space but only a few works concerns non-Euclidean Voronoi tessellation. In this thesis, we extend the definition of Poisson-Voronoi tessellation to a Riemannian manifold with finite dimension and we study the caracteristics of the associated cells. More precisely, we first measure the influence of the local geometry of the manifold, namely the curvatures, on the caracteristics of the cells, e.g. the mean volume or the mean number of vertices. Second, we aim to recover the local geometry of the manifold from the combinatorial properties of the tessellation on the manifolds. In particular, we establish limit theorems for the number of vertices of the tessellation, when the intensity of the process of the germs tends to infinity. This leads to the construction of an estimator of the curvature of the manifold and makes it possible to derive some properties of it. The main results of this thesis relies on the combination of stochastic methods and techniques from the differential geometry theory.
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Aurélie Chapron. Mosaïques de Poisson-Voronoï sur une variété riemannienne. Géométrie différentielle [math.DG]. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PA100098⟩. ⟨tel-02147313⟩

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