Retour à la maison. Le motif de la maison dans l’œuvre romanesque de J.M.G. Le Clézio, Pascal Quignard, Sylvie Germain et Marie NDiaye

Abstract : The history of home and that of the novel have crossed paths more than once, but hardly ever more so than in the nineteenth century, when literature and architecture began exploring new forms, the similarities of which were aptly pointed out by Philippe Hamon. At the time, both house and home were subjected to deep societal changes, and their worth as literary object was called into question: thus, home, which had long been a favourite topic of the realists, was shaken to its foundations. The very notion of representation lay at the crux of the crises the novel was going through. Around the 1980s, however, the novel began pivoting back towards fiction, thus reviving its core characteristic. Did this return to home promote new building permits, so to speak? Did it make home, as a literary trope, inhabitable once again ? This dissertation shall explore the motif of home in the complete works of four contemporary authors, namely J.M.G. Le Clézio, Pascal Quignard, Sylvie Germain and Marie NDiaye, as analyzed through the prism of sociological changes, as well as of novel-related problematics. By so doing, I hope to demonstrate that home still bears a slew of new perspectives for the fiction genre. I will put forward the notion of a ‘home novel’, which, just like the ‘adventure novel’, is endowed with its very own set of spaces, plots and characters. By delving into various domestic spaces, I shall bring out some of its key aspects, be they aesthetic or poetic, and wonder whether the novel might have become, in the times we live in, the safest and most hospitable haven at our disposal.
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Marie Aubelle. Retour à la maison. Le motif de la maison dans l’œuvre romanesque de J.M.G. Le Clézio, Pascal Quignard, Sylvie Germain et Marie NDiaye. Littératures. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCA001⟩. ⟨tel-02147293⟩

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