Négoce, espaces et politique : les recompositions socio-économiques du commerce dauphinois dans la Révolution (années 1770 - années 1820)

Abstract : This thesis aims to study the impact of the revolutionary process on the organization of preindustrial trade, through the example of merchants (négociants) from Dauphiné and their international business relations (in European, Mediterranean and Caribbean regions). To analyse these changes, the investigation begins with examinate the trade structures in Dauphiné, at the end of Ancien Régime. The boundaries of the group are much more uncertain that it seems at first: the cohesion of commercial bourgeoisie is mainly due to the rule of a few families, able to speak on behalf of the other tradesmen, and to impose their patriotic and (seemingly) “liberal” line. The Revolution, in which these merchants are involved, initiates a deep remodelling of public and institutional space, that partly meets their expectations, but that isn’t without risk: revolutionary dynamics also contribute to destabilizing the group, in the short run. But in the longer term, socioeconomic, political or symbolic transformations promote the expansion of the merchants. The traders benefit in particular from French Wars to develop their functions in the economic and political sphere, officially serving the common interest. From this point of view, the Revolution results are quite paradoxical. On the one hand, the merchants strengthen their social influence; but on the other hand, this only car occur through a transformation of their collective identity: this change involves in particular a reorientation of their traditional activities and a redefinition of commercial field.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02146559
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 4, 2019 - 9:54:11 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 17, 2019 - 2:34:19 AM

File

2014-12-DESCHANEL-neg.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-02146559, version 1

Citation

Boris Deschanel. Négoce, espaces et politique : les recompositions socio-économiques du commerce dauphinois dans la Révolution (années 1770 - années 1820). Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA010602⟩. ⟨tel-02146559⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

106

Files downloads

40