La capture attentionnelle : «transposabilité » du phénomène du laboratoire au monde réel

Abstract : During the last two decades, studies about attentional capture revealed some major basic attentional processes by using several experimental paradigms. While further investigations need to be conducted by using simple visual stimuli, a raising question concerns the possibility to generalize laboratory findings to much more complex real-world situations. Indeed, basic attentional capture studies usually use simple stimuli while real-world displays are generally rich in visual information. To answer this issue, we conducted several experiments under close to real-world conditions, such as testingdual task situations, using complex visual stimuli from real-world situations (e.g. driving-scenes photographs), modulating the distractor frequency or testing attentional capture at a semantic and conceptual dimension. Our results revealed the conditions in which the attentional capture phenomenon occurs in close to real-world situations. We particularly discussed in our work the contingent attentional capture phenomenon which appears to be a strong and robust effect, in both laboratory and close to real-world situations.
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Mahé Arexis. La capture attentionnelle : «transposabilité » du phénomène du laboratoire au monde réel. Psychologie. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018UBFCC010⟩. ⟨tel-02146372⟩

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