Amélioration d'un programme de sélection massale sur la croissance chez la truite arc-en-ciel par introduction d'une sélection BLUP pour des caractères de qualités grâce aux empreintes génétiques

Abstract : The thesis aims at describing conditions to improve mass selection on growth by sib-selection on quality traits assisted by DNA parentage assignment in rainbow trout. Main results are that the control and management of differences in egg size between dams doubles heritability of body weight at 70 g (0.36 vs 0.16), heritabilities of quality traits are intermediates (0.37-0.54), the opportunity to use the residual of the body part (e.g. fillet weight) regressed to the whole body weight to select independently of body weight for ratios, the higher efficiency to replace fillet yield by deheaded and gutted carcass weight more heritable and highly genetically correlated to fillet yield (0.97), the possibility to use e8/e23ultrasound measures to predict genetically yields (0.72-0.85) allowing a direct selection on breeding candidates more efficient than in using sib information, a surprising intermediate to high accuracy of EBV even with a very low mean number of sib per full-sib family (3.5-4) and the medium to high overestimation of EBV when using pre- selected sibs (14 % to 62 %). The general conclusion are that sib-selection on quality traits can be introduced in mass selection with at least similar expected genetic gains than in traditional breeding design based on families reared initially separated
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Pierrick Haffray. Amélioration d'un programme de sélection massale sur la croissance chez la truite arc-en-ciel par introduction d'une sélection BLUP pour des caractères de qualités grâce aux empreintes génétiques. Génétique animale. Agrocampus Ouest, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NSARC136⟩. ⟨tel-02145732⟩

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