Conception et synthèse de catalyseurs de cuivre bio-inspirés pour l'activation de liaisons C-H

Abstract : Copper-oxygen adducts in enzymes have been proposed to be responsible for the activation of C-H bonds, a process that has industrial applications. The first part of this thesis is therefore dedicated to a discussion on various copper oxygenases and their model complexes. Recently, key reactive intermediates have emerged and among them mixed valent CuIICuIII species have been proposed to be responsible for strong C-H bond activation.In this work the stabilisation and spectroscopic characterisation of high valent intermediates using dinucleating ligands based on a 1,8-naphthyridine spacer are explored. The generation of Cu2:O2 species from the activation of O2 by CuI2 complexes is discussed. Two µ-ɳ2:ɳ2-peroxo-CuII2 complexes have been prepared at -80°C and characterised by spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT). Our attempts at generating dinuclear systems using new dissymmetric ligands with an amide function are also discussed. Finally the successful characterisation of mixed valent CuIICuIII species by mono-electronic oxidation of CuII2 complexes is described (cyclic voltammetry, electron paramagnetic resonance, UV-visible, near infrared and DFT).The last part focusses on probing the reactivity of CuIICuIII species, for which the literature is almost inexistent. When sterically congested ligands are used to support the mixed valent system, intramolecular aliphatic C-H oxidation was observed, whether as the CuIICuIII species supported by a less bulky ligand was able to oxidise toluene. Interestingly the addition of a base made the system catalytic.
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James Alfred Isaac. Conception et synthèse de catalyseurs de cuivre bio-inspirés pour l'activation de liaisons C-H. Chimie inorganique. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAV068⟩. ⟨tel-02145226⟩

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