De la distance entre les visiteurs et les œuvres au sein de l'exposition muséale d'art : une approche communicationnelle des marges péri-opérales

Abstract : The research focuses on the distances between visitors and the works exhibited in the art exhibition, specifically those that are both peripheral to the artifacts, imposed by visitor rules and regulations, bounded by barriers, cords, pedestals, floor tapes, among other things, are often maintained by visitors, are generally recognized as being destined toConsidering that they are part of a media device, it is important to understand how they contribute to the latter. The theoretical study of the regulating lines and margins of the text's media supports the construction of the concept of "peri-operative margins", making it possible to qualify the distances between works and visitors and to make the hypothesis that they participate in the exhibition by fulfilling several semiotic functions and roles. The theoretical study of the museum art exhibition leads to a communicative approach to the peri-operative margins, which consists of understanding them from the three enunciating processes in which they are produced and endowed with meaning - that is, the regulation of the visit to the museum exhibition, the setting up of the museum exhibition, and the visual capture of the works exhibited during the visit to the museum exhibition. The study of peri-operative margins is then thought out in three surveys dedicated respectively to each of the processes identified and based on the analysis of "objects" that are inherent in these processes and that prefigure, configure and update the peri-operative margins - i. e. visit regulations and behavioural prohibitions, distance tools and expographic margins, visitor behaviours and alignments.The first survey makes it possible to establish that, as they appear in the regulations governing the visit to the museum exhibition, the peri-operative margins fulfil the functions of measures for the protection of property and persons and access to works within certain physical limits and the role of rules governing the visit to the art museum exhibition. The second survey suggests that, as they materialize when the museum exhibition is set up, the peri-operal margins perform the same functions as the vector signs of attention and interpretation and the roles of signposts and physical traces of enunciation. The third survey makes it possible to determine that, as manifested in the visual capture of the exhibited works, the peri-operative margins assume the functions of signs of engagement in the interaction situation and situational properties and the roles of postural clues of co-enonciation and ritual figures.In sum, the study of the peri-operative margins reveals that, because of their multiple semiotic functions and roles, they participate in the communicational functioning and socio-symbolic operability of the art museum exhibition.
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Caroline Buffoni. De la distance entre les visiteurs et les œuvres au sein de l'exposition muséale d'art : une approche communicationnelle des marges péri-opérales. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université d'Avignon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017AVIG1173⟩. ⟨tel-02144588⟩

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