Les violences de genre en contexte de migrations forcées : les réfugié·e·s rohingyas de Birmanie. Sociologie critique de l’aide humanitaire en Malaisie

Abstract : Through a study on gendered violence, this paper describes the masculinities and femininities of Rohingya refugees in Malaysia. This study shows how a Myanmar hegemonic model, based on a masculine protector, « guardian of the nation » and a feminine vulnerable « mother of the nation » is both object of re-appropriation and distancing by the refugees. However, what constitutes feminine and masculine is not consensual and further reveals unstable bases. Migration to Malaysia plays a major role in the reconfiguration of gendered relations. Racial discrimination, economic inequalities and the changes in the gender order due to migration create more tensions between men and women, and result in the intensification of domestic and sexual violence while new forms of gendered violence emerge. Finally, humanitarian programs tend to reify the natural difference between the sexes, whilst hybrid masculinities and femininities among the Rohingya refugees claim gender equality while maintaining the masculine supremacy. The thesis is based on ethnographic research carried out in 2016 within an NGO in Kuala Lumpur, International Catholic Migration Commission, and 91 interviews with 21 women, 24 men and 29 humanitarian workers.
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Elodie Voisin. Les violences de genre en contexte de migrations forcées : les réfugié·e·s rohingyas de Birmanie. Sociologie critique de l’aide humanitaire en Malaisie. Sociologie. Université Paris 8, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02144587⟩

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