Brazing mechanisms of the Ti2AlC ceramics using nickel-based filler alloy

Abstract : In the present work, the brazing experiments of Ti2AlC ceramics to Ni substrate have been successfully performed in the temperature range between 1000°C and 1100°C, with the holding time varying from 15 min to 60 min. The corresponding mechanisms have been disclosed by studying the microstructure of the Ti2AlC/Ni joint. It is found that the Ni element originating from the BNi-2 filler can diffuse into the Ti2AlC substrate during the brazing process, mainly along the grain boundary, or in some grains with special orientations. The interaction process induces some differences in the fluidity of the liquid filler; consequently, the thickness of the Ti2AlC/Ni joints achieved finally is different at different brazing parameters. The maximum shear strength is measured to be 193 MPa, achieved at 1100°C holding for 30 min. Afterwards, the interaction behavior between the filler elements (including Ni, Cr and Si) and the Ti2AlC substrate, has been explained by DFT simulation. It is found that the three kinds of filler elements have their own preferred substitution sites: Ni atoms are most likely to be found at Al site, Cr atoms at Ti site, and Si atoms at Al site. Then, the decomposition mechanisms of the defective Ti2AlC model have been illustrated as well, which might occur in two possible means: unstable vibrational behaviors, and lower Gibbs energy of competing phases.
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Chengjie Lu. Brazing mechanisms of the Ti2AlC ceramics using nickel-based filler alloy. Materials Science [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Sorbonne Université, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS053⟩. ⟨tel-02143972⟩

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