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N. Ga, . Le-grand-evènement, and . Oxydant, GOE) qui fait l'objet de ce projet, l'autre 2 milliards d'années plus tard, nommé l'Evènement Oxydant Néo-protérozoïque

G. Le, Ces deux hausses d'oxygène atmosphérique coïncident avec deux évolutions majeures dans l'histoire de la vie : (i) peu après le GOE, les eucaryotes sont apparus, alors que (ii) le NOE correspond à l'apparition des métazoaires et à l'explosion cambrienne. L'étude de ces phénomènes atmosphériques primitifs peut avoir d'importantes répercussions sur notre compréhension de l'origine et de l'évolution de la vie, qu'on estime principalement marine à cet âge. Les seules archives de ces temps primitifs sur Terre sont les roches sédimentaires. Pour savoir comment l'oxygénation de l'atmosphère a pu être reliée à cette vie marine, il faut tout d'abord comprendre comment l'océan a interagi avec l'atmosphère lors de cet évènement d'oxygénation. Cette question est au coeur de ce projet : comment le GOE a-t-il affecté les cycles biogéochimiques océaniques dont la vie est dépendante ? Nous nous sommes intéressés aux formations ferrifères litées ou BIFs (Banded Iron Formations). La chimie de ces roches marines fait écho à celle de l'océan contemporain à leur formation. Déterminer quantitativement la composition de l'océan à partir de celles des sédiments, même chimiques, est un défi quasiment impossible à relever y compris dans l'océan moderne. C'est pourquoi nous avons proposé de déterminer le temps de résidence d'éléments sensibles aux conditions redox de la surface

. Transvaal, Afrique du Sud) et d'Hamersley (Australie)