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Role of ICAP-1 in integrins' dynamic regulation, mechanosensing and contractility of osteoblast cells

Abstract : ICAP-1 is involved in integrin dynamics and force generation by controlling integrin endocytosis through nm23-dependent scission of endocytic chlatrin coated pits.ICAP-1 has been identified as a specific partner of b1 integrin (Degani et al., 2002; Zhang and Hemler, 1999). We have previously shown that ICAP-1 is involved in cell mechanoresponse and cell differentiation in a b1 integrin dependent manner (Bouvard et al., 2007; Brunner et al., 2011; Faurobert et al., 2013; Millon-Frémillon et al., 2008; Renz et al., 2015). However, as ICAP-1 is also able to adapt cell migration in response to substrate stiffness in a β1-integrin-independent manner (Bouin et al., 2017), we speculated on a more general role of ICAP-1 in cell adhesion and focal adhesion dynamics. For this purpose we have created cellular environment where b1 integrin and/or ICAP-1 were absent by using four cell lines: WT osteoblast, b1 integrin KO osteoblast cells, ICAP-1 KO osteoblast cells and double KO b1/ICAP-1 osteoblast cells in order to monitor b3 integrin behavior. As expected, depletion of b1 integrin is associated with the loss of cell spreading and force generation according traction force microscopy measurement. Surprisingly, the supplementary deletion of ICAP-1 (b1 integrin and ICAP-1 KO) leads to restoration of cell spreading and force generation which are dependent on b3 integrin. These b3 integrin-mediated forces are correlated with slow diffusion of b3 integrin within adhesion sites and slow turnover of b3 integrin containing focal adhesion (FRAP/TIRF/videomicroscopy). We addressed the question whether ICAP-1 might regulate b3 integrin endocytosis since ICAP-1 interacts with nm23-H2 (Fournier et al., 2002), a nucleoside diphosphate kinases (NDPKs) involved in dynamin-mediated endocytosis by producing GTP through adenosine triphosphate (ATP)–driven conversion of guanosine diphosphate (GDP) (Boissan et al., 2014). We show that the deletion of either nm23 or dynamin or chlatrin in cells depleted in b1 integrin is able to mimic the combined loss of b1 integrin and ICAP-1 by restoring cell spreading, force generation and b3 integrin dynamics. To confirm the involvement of ICAP-1 in b3 integrin endocytosis, we show that the b3 integrin antibody uptake is efficiently blocked in cells depleted in ICAP-1. Our results suggest that ICAP-1 might be involved in integrin dynamics and force generation by controlling integrin endocytosis through nm23-dependent scission of endocytic chlatrin coated pits.
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Alexander Kyumurkov. Role of ICAP-1 in integrins' dynamic regulation, mechanosensing and contractility of osteoblast cells. Cellular Biology. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAV057⟩. ⟨tel-02141523⟩

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