La pratique du karaté en milieu carcéral, savoir frapper ou savoir vivre ? : karaté et vertus éducatives prétendues : observation comparée du contrôle de l’agressivité dans le cadre de la pratique de cette activité en détention

Abstract : At the Detention center of Fresnes, some prisoners go in for karate. If the benefits of sport in prison are an accepted principle, what about educational effects of the practice of a combat sport in prison? The analysis of sports practice aggressiveness in karate will verify if this activity brings a regulation of affects, by comparing 188 observations realized in associative environment and 77 in detention. These observations discriminate licit aggressiveness, on a scale of gradual values from 2 to 2 (on the basis of warning objective behavioral indicators of the degree of aggressiveness). Pushing aside preconceived ideas, the results reveal that the associative karateka (AK) is more aggressive - on the plan "praxique" (1,71, standard deviation = 0,58) and "kinesique" (1,42, s-d = 0,81) - than the prisoner karateka (PK) - respectively 0,86, s-d = 1,17 and 0,3, s-d = 1,08. On their side, the processes of civility express themselves on averages of -2,00 for the AK against -0,81 for the PK. Can the karate then have a place in prison as sports activity? The answer seems affirmative. Subject to global rehabilitation process, this activity can not however guarantee by itself to resolve the problem of the reintegration.
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Jérôme Frigout. La pratique du karaté en milieu carcéral, savoir frapper ou savoir vivre ? : karaté et vertus éducatives prétendues : observation comparée du contrôle de l’agressivité dans le cadre de la pratique de cette activité en détention. Sociologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCB133⟩. ⟨tel-02141171⟩

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