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Réponse dynamique d’un nano-oscillateur spintronique à un signal rf pour le développement de nouveaux détecteurs rf ultra-miniatures

Abstract : Spintronic nano-oscillators have remarkable properties in terms of radio frequency detection. Their nanoscale sizes, room temperature operation, and CMOS compatibility make them serious candidates for providing instantaneous spectral analysis in embedded systems. This thesis concerns the detection properties of magnetic vortex-based STNOs. One of the effects conferring on STNOs the possibility of detecting a rf signal is the spin diode effect. An rf source is used to create the signal to be detected. When the rf current frequency injected into the STNO corresponds to its resonant frequency, a rectification voltage is created at its terminals. The measurement of this voltage by a simple voltmeter makes possible to determine the rf current presence. The evolution study of the resonance frequency as a function of the STNO radius, the dc current and the magnetic field has highlighted the possibility of choosing the resonant frequency and tuning it with these parameters. From an application point of view, this property is essential for allocating an STNO to a specific frequency to be detected. Furthermore, the STNO nanometric allows us to envisage a network of thousands, even millions of STNOs contained on a chip operating at ambient temperature. However, several problems arise. The STNO sensitivity to an external rf signal must allow to determine the occupancy state of a frequency channel by a simple measurement of the voltage or with a voltage comparator. This requires a voltage variation of ten mV order. The spin diode effect doesn’t allow to achieve such variation. Another effect, measured for the first time at the Unité Mixte de Physique CNRS/Thales, called magnetic vortex expulsion, is studied. This phenomenon occurs when the vortex core crosses the STNO edges during its spin transfer induced dynamics. Thanks to this effect, the voltage amplitude variation can reach up to 25 mV in the STNOs characterized during this thesis. Moreover, this phenomenon can be tuned. From an application perspective, a network of STNOs must be created in order to allocate an STNO to a specific frequency range and thus cover a broad frequency band.The rf current distribution to all STNOs is therefore a problem to which we have brought a solution. The excitation of the vortex core by a rf field allows us to excite a large number of STNO thanks to an inductive line lithographed above the STNOs. The possibility of expelling the vortex core under these conditions has been demonstrated. We then studied the vortex core dynamics induced by an rf field during the expulsion. A time and frequency domain studies not only provided us detection time information of an rf signal by the STNO but also on its magnetization in the expulsion regime. Moreover, the STNO frequency tuning is possible even when the vortex core is excited by an rf field. Finally, these studies enabled us to implement step by step a proof of concept demonstrating the rf detection feasibility with spintronic nano-oscillators. The various studies of vortex core expulsion combined with a considerable technical work of design and manufacture finally allowed us to converge towards a solution that constitutes a starting point towards the development of a broadband spintronic spectrum occupancy detector, contained on a chip and operating at room temperature.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 27, 2019 - 1:49:07 PM
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Samh Menshawy. Réponse dynamique d’un nano-oscillateur spintronique à un signal rf pour le développement de nouveaux détecteurs rf ultra-miniatures. Science des matériaux [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS076⟩. ⟨tel-02140551⟩

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