Contribution to the study of the haptic enhancement of images on touchscreens

Abstract : Touchscreens have largely spread out over the last decade and have become one of the most ordinary human-machine interface. However, despite their many assets, touchscreens still lack of tactile sensations: they always feel flat, smooth, rigid and static under the finger, no matter the visual content. In this work, we investigate how to provide touchscreens with the means to touch us and express a variety of image-related haptic features. We first propose a new format for haptic data which provides a generic haptic description of a virtual object without prior knowledge on display hardware. This format is meant to be seamlessly integrated in audiovisual content creation workflows, and to be easily manipulated by non-experts in multidisciplinary contexts. Then, we address the challenge of providing a diversity of haptic sensations with lightweight actuation, with the novel approach called “KinesTouch”. We propose in particular a novel friction effect based on large lateral motion that increases or diminishes the sliding velocity between the finger and the screen. Finally, we introduce “Touchy”, a method to apply pseudo-haptic principles to touchscreen interactions. We present a set of pseudo-haptic effects which evoke haptic properties like roughness, stiffness or friction through the vibrations, stretches, dilatations and compressions of a ring-shaped cursor displayed under the user’s finger. We extend these effects to 3D scenes, and discuss the differences between 2D and 3D content enhancement.
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Antoine Costes. Contribution to the study of the haptic enhancement of images on touchscreens. Human-Computer Interaction [cs.HC]. INSA de Rennes, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018ISAR0032⟩. ⟨tel-02140442⟩

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