A travers la nuit : anthropologie des récits de souffrance au cinéma

Abstract : This anthropologic examination of several families of stories of suffering in cinema history uses psychology and sociology in order to determine universal tendencies in representation, by overtaking generic or territorial considerations. In using the same conceptual tools for the study of several narrative forms often considered as mutually exclusive, this critical analysis manages to surpass the usual dichotomies, and to offer an original definition of suffering as a feeling of lack or absence of control. It is indeed only through the convergent study of fictitious (stories), real (testimonies) and scientific (studies) discourses about suffering, or more specifically through the examination of active representations, that suffering itself can be studied, as an aesthetic phenomenon, subjective by definition. By systematically assimilating itself to a feeling of absence of control, suffering reveals that it dims out as soon as an inverse feeling of control intervenes. This way, the social function of fictitious stories presents itself as an attempt to offer appeasement through the arousal of the feeling of control, when only a few of them also show a philosophical dimension consisting in carrying out this teaching.
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Gary Dejean. A travers la nuit : anthropologie des récits de souffrance au cinéma. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA010598⟩. ⟨tel-02140247⟩

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