Conception de convertisseurs électroniques de puissance à faible impact électromagnétique intégrant de nouvelles technologies d'interrupteurs à semi-conducteurs

Abstract : The recent technological progress of semiconductors and increasing demand for power electronic converters in the different domains of electric energy particularly for applications in aeronautics and networks of transport and distribution impose new specifications such as high frequencies, high voltages, high temperatures and high current densities. All of this contributes in the strong development of SiC (Silicon Carbide) components. However these components create new issues in Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) because of the conditions of high frequency switching and high commutation speeds (high di/dt and dv/dt) compared to other conventional components in power electronics. A precise study of the emissions generated by SiC components is therefore necessary. The aim of this work is to give a method able to predict levels of conducted emissions generated by a power electronics converter with SiC components to engineers which design power converters. The novelty of the work presented in this thesis is the integration of different modeling approaches to form a circuit model of a SiC-based converter (a buck dc–dc converter is considered as an example). The modeling approach is validated in the frequency range from 40Hz to 30MHz. Modeling approaches of the passive parts of the converter are presented. Theses approaches differs according to whether the component is existing or to be designed : they are based on measurements for the load and capacitors; they are based on numerical computation and analytical formulations for PCB. The complete model obtained (passive and active components) is used in simulations to predict the conducted emissions received by the line impedance stabilization network. The model is able to predict the impact of various parameters such as PCB routing, the control parameters like duty cycles and different gate resistors in the time and frequency domains. A good agreement is obtained in all cases up to a frequency of 15MHz. Finally, a parametric study of the converter has been elaborated. This study allowed to see the influence of different models such as parasitic elements of the PCB, passive and active components and to identify the elements that need a precise model to obtain valid results in the prediction of conducted EMI.
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Eliana Rondon-Pinilla. Conception de convertisseurs électroniques de puissance à faible impact électromagnétique intégrant de nouvelles technologies d'interrupteurs à semi-conducteurs. Autre. Ecole Centrale de Lyon, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ECDL0018⟩. ⟨tel-02140113⟩

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