Les acteurs associatifs et la lutte contre le sida au Bénin : de la professionnalisation au gouvernement des corps

Abstract : In most of West and Central African French speaking countries, HIV/AIDS policies seem to have been generated more by international donors than as the result of collective mobilizations. On this matter, Benin is representative. The conditions for the emergence of the Beninese associative actors lead to their involvement in HIV/AIDS public action following a professionalization process. The central idea is that this process is non-neutral and that it results from an adaptation to the donors demands. It has political impacts and it contributes to redefine the relations of power both in the “HIV/AIDS space” and in the local arenas in which the associative actors are established. Despite their reality, those political impacts are hidden by a political neutralization effect maintained by the actors’ focusing on technical issues. Collective mobilizations are distanced. Favored social groups (the akowé) gain new positions of power by involving themselves in local NGOs and associations. The knowledge of the tools promoted by the donors, a major indicator of their professionalization, seriously helps to forge their legitimacy to occupy these positions. Eventually, the use of these former tools can have an impact in terms of government of bodies. The associative actors strengthen here their control over HIV-positive people and are part of the establishment of the population as a subject of knowledge and of remote management.
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Clément Soriat. Les acteurs associatifs et la lutte contre le sida au Bénin : de la professionnalisation au gouvernement des corps. Science politique. Université du Droit et de la Santé - Lille II, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LIL20016⟩. ⟨tel-02140084⟩

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