Rôle de l’hypotonie dans la réponse à la chimiothérapie intra-péritonéale : étude des effets sur les cellules cancéreuses et la mort immunogène induite

Abstract : IntraPeritoneal Chemotherapy (IPEC) is commonly used to treat colorectal cancer metastases. However there is no standardized protocol.The aim of this work was to model this chemotherapy in vitro and to understand the role of hypotonic conditions in this model and its impact on cell death.We determined that the optimal treatment parameters on HCT116 human colon cancer cells, were an exposure of the cells for 30 minutes to 400μM of oxaliplatin under hypotonic conditions (G2.5%) at 37 °C. These results have been validated on various human and murine colic cancer cell lines. We have also shown that these treatment conditions are also able to increase the cytotoxicity of other platinum derivatives such as cisplatin and carboplatin.The cell death induced by this treatment in hypotonia is apoptosis, and can be explained by an increase in the intracellular incorporation of oxaliplatin, partly due to the activation and trimerization of the CTR1 copper transporter.Treatment with oxaliplatin and cisplatin (but not carboplatin) in hypotonia also leads to the stigmata of immunogenic death, e.i. exposure of calreticulin at the membrane, release of ATP and HMGB1 in the supernatant, suggesting that hypotonia would entail immunogenic death and an immune system response during this IPEC modeling.Finally, we have been able to demonstrate in vivo that the treatment of intraperitoneal metastases of Balb/c mice by an intraperitoneal injection of oxaliplatin in hypotonia slowed down tumor nodules appearance and increased survival of the mice.Thus, in this work we highlighted that hypotonia is one of the fundamental parameters of IPEC which suggests that its use could make it possible to increase the efficacy of IPEC and maybe to prolong the survival of patients.
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Lucie Demontoux. Rôle de l’hypotonie dans la réponse à la chimiothérapie intra-péritonéale : étude des effets sur les cellules cancéreuses et la mort immunogène induite. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018UBFCI012⟩. ⟨tel-02139443⟩

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