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, Le corps, considéré lisse avance à vitesse constante, sous la surface libre d'un fluide qui est supposé parfait et incompressible. La résistance de vague est la trainée, c'est-à-dire la composante horizontale de la force exercée par le fluide sur l'obstacle. Nous utilisons les équations de Neumann-Kelvin 2D, qui s'obtiennent en linéarisant les équations d'Euler irrotationnelles avec surface libre. Le problème de Neumann-Kelvin est formulé comme une équation intégrale de frontière basée sur une solution fondamentale qui intègre la condition linéarisée à la surface libre. Nous utilisons une méthode de descente de gradient pour trouver un minimiseur local du problème de résistance de vague. Un gradient par rapport à la forme est calculé par la méthode de variation de frontières. Nous utilisons une approche level-set pour calculer la résistance de vague et gérer les déplacements de la frontière de l'obstacle, nous calculons la forme d'un objet immergé d'aire donnée qui minimise la résistance de vague

, Mots clés : optimisation de forme, résistance de vague, problème de Neumann-Kelvin, équa-tion intégrale de frontière, méthode level-set