Regional planning in France during rapid urbanization period(1945-1970) : evolution, effect and inspiration for regional planning in China

Abstract : The '30 glorious years' is a period of great development (i.e. economy, society, and politics), when France went through and completed the phase of rapid urbanization. During the period, a considerable number of regional planning with the aim of ‘balance' was established and implemented in France. In similar, after a long period of development, China met the period of rapid urbanization in the late 1990s and a series of regional planning with the ‘balance' feature begin to emerge almost at the same time. The experiences regarding regional planning in France are quite meaningful to do some further research, in order to draw some useful lessons for China nowadays and in the future, which is the main purpose of the thesis. For reaching the goal, the whole thesis could mainly be divided into two parts: 1. Summarize the evolution process of French regional planning during the '30 glorious years', and analyze the effect and development after implementation of regional planning during and after the important period; 2. Conclude the development of China after the open-up policy, the existing regional planning and certain related problems, and present several implication for China finally, based on the experiences of France. After summarizing, analyzing and evaluating French regional planning during the '30 glorious years', we find that the content of regional planning changed with the evolution of background (i.e. economy, society, and politics). And the regional planning with obvious, positive effect all belonged to these which follow and predict the process and the inherent law of development. Therefore, regional planning should catch and foresee the decisive factor and solve the major problems during different phases of development. In order to make China avoid of or solve some important problems during the period of rapid development (also a period of rapid urbanization), we propose some implications for China's regional planning in the end. It includes: 1. the major objective of regional planning; 2. the provision by government for migrants; 3. the method for big cities to keep their vitality; 4. the ‘balance' development of urban agglomeration; 5. the healthy development of rural area; 6. the creation of growth pole; 7. the choice of location for public housing
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Shuangshuang Tang. Regional planning in France during rapid urbanization period(1945-1970) : evolution, effect and inspiration for regional planning in China. Architecture, space management. Université Paris-Est, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013PEST1158⟩. ⟨tel-02138924⟩

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